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Slavery and the Abolition Movement

The nearly 250-year history of slavery in the United States had a profound effect on African-American history. In this section, learn about topics ranging from the economic importance of slavery to the operations of the Underground Railroad.

Timeline of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.

What is Abolitionism?
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.

National Negro Convention Movement
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.

William Still
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman.

Gabriel Prosser's Plot
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.

Enslavement Timeline 1619 to 1696
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.

Fourteenth Amendment
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).

How Did Slaves Resist Slavery?
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.

An Illustrated History of U.S. Slavery
Explore the history of slavery in the United States through photographs, from About.com guide Tom Head.

Primary Documents for the Study of American Slavery
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.

The Stono Rebellion
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America. In 1739, a group of slaves struck back at South Carolina's oppressive system of slavery.

Reparations for Slavery
A consideration of the issues at stake in giving reparations to the descendants of slaves as well as to Africa, from About.com guide Alistair Boddy-Evans.

The Start of Slavery in North America
Slavery in the British colonies in North America dates to 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown.

Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.

Nat Turner's Rebellion
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.

Top Five Cities of the Abolition Movement
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.

Timeline of the Abolition Movement: 1830 - 1839
The Abolition Movement of the 1830s was filled with action. From the publication of Garrison's "Liberator" newspaper to the emergence of the Grimke sisters, the 1830s was filled with many characters.

The Abolition Movement: 1820 - 1829
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.

David Walker
David Walker wrote David Walker's Appeal in 1829

Anthony Burns
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.

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