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African-American History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
Important Dates of the Civil Rights Movement...
The major events of the Civil Rights Movement from 1951-1959.
When Did Slavery Begin in North America?
Slavery in the British colonies in North America dates to 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown.
3 Major Ways Some Slaves Resisted Slavery
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
Guide to the Civil Rights Movement of the '50s...
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
What Was the Impact of the Civil Rights Act of...
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
How African-Americans Championed for Change in...
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
A Biography of Harriet Tubman
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
Why Nat Turner's Rebellion Made White...
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
When Did the Desegregation of the Military Take...
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
3 Causes of the Red Summer of 1919
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
Look into the Life and Legacy of Martin Luther...
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
African-American History Timeline: 1950 to 1959
This timeline highlights important events and people in the 1950s.
Why Emmett Till's Death Played a Pivotal Role...
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
12 Achievements of the NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
4 Top Texts of the Civil Rights Movement
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
What Really Happened at the Stono Rebellion
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
What are the key events for the abolition...
The Abolition Movement of the 1830s was filled with action. From the publication of Garrison's
37 Outstanding Achievements in the 1940s
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
Timeline: 1930 to 1939
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
What Were the Causes of the Great Migration of...
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
Learn About the Life of Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
What You Should Know About the Emancipation...
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
What is the Black Panther Party?
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party.
Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
Who is the Father of the Underground Railroad?
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
The Unforgettable Jim Crow Era
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
What happened to Dred Scott?
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history.
How Crispus Attucks Became a Hero During the...
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
21 Literary Achievements of the Harlem...
The Harlem Renaissance is the considered the first literary movement in the United States in which many black writers are able to explore various themes existing in African American society. This is a timeline of the major publications and events of this period.
37 Events of the 1970s
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
Why was the anti-lynching movement important?
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
Who are the Scottsboro Boys?
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
Where did writers of the Harlem Renaissance...
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
Paul Laurence Dunbar: Poet Laureate of the...
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
Four Initiatives Developed by W.E.B. Du Bois
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
5 Contributions SNCC Made to the Civil Rights...
SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
3 Notable African-American Visual Artists
 W hen Henry Ossawa Tanner first created the painting, Sand Dunes at Sunset, Atlantic City  in 1895,
How Martin Luther King Day Became a Federal...
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
African-American History Timeline: 1965 to 1969
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
Which black performers received international...
African-American performers defied great odds to appear on Broadway stages and feature films during the Jim Crow Era.
3 Philosophies of the Abolition Movement
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
Who are four African-American lawyers who...
Macon Bolling Allen was the first African-American to be granted a license to practice law in the United States.
Members of the Black Panther Party
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
6 Memorable Photos of MLK and the Civil Rights...
Image of the African-American participation in the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
What is Juneteenth?
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
NACW: Fighting for Social Justice During the...
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
24 Astounding Events of the 1850s
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
5 Cities of the Abolition Movement
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
African-American Events from 1980 to 1989
This month's historical timeline features events taking place between 1980 and 1989. As a result of various civil rights struggles in previous decades, it
African-American History Timeline: 1840 to 1849
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
Timeline: 1910 to 1919
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
African-American History Timeline: 1960 to 1964
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
What is African-American History?
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
26 Events That Happened After the Civil War
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
Arna Bontemps
Arna Bontemps was a poet and novelist of the Harlem Renaissance. Yet, it was his work as a curator who archived African-American literature and culture that makes him most notable.
Why is Claude McKay Considered a Proletariat...
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
What Historians Helped Promote African-American...
African-American historians such as Carter G. Woodson, Arturo Schomburg, W.E.B. DuBois, and John Edward Bruce.
Booker T. Washington: Biography
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
African-American History Timeline: 1920 - 1929
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
The Niagara Movement: Organizing for Social...
The Niagara Movement was an instrumental organization that was established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Du Bois in opposition to Booker T. Washington's philosophy as an accommodation.
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
What happened to the Negro Baseball Leagues?
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
Three Powerful Black Newspapers During the Jim...
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
African-American History Timeline: 1980 to 1989
A timeline of African-American history from 1980 to 1989
African-American History Timeline: 1700 - 1799
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
How did the abolition movement grow in the...
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
Gabriel Prosser's Plot
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
National Negro Convention Movement
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
Prominent Men of the Civil Rights Movement
As the Director of Direct Action and Director of Nonviolent Education for the SCLC, James Bevel was responsible
What happened at the March on Washington?
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
Asa Philip Randolph: Civil Rights Movement...
Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Five Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance
Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance explored themes such as racism, lynching and heritage in their theatrical productions.
4 Achievements of John Mercer Langston
John Mercer Langston was not only the first African-American to serve in Congress, he was also an abolitionist, educator and fighter for racial unity as well as equality.
African-American History Timeline: 1880 to 1889
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.
The Amazing Achievement of Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou was a prominent memorist and poet whose work encouraged Americans of all walks of life.
A Biography of Carter G. Woodson
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
AME Church
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
Enslavement Timeline 1619 to 1696
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
Three Unforgettable Women of the Black Arts...
Prominent women of the Black Arts Movement
Richard Wright
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Writer
3 National Civil Rights Campaigns Initiated by...
CORE played an important role in galvanizing young adults to help African-Americans in the South fight against racial discrimination.
Maggie Lena Walker
Maggie Lena Walker was the first women in the United States to direct a bank. Throughout her career as a businesswoman, Walker worked to help African-Americans.
Toni Morrison: Biography
Toni Morrison is a prolific writer whose novels about the African-American experience have received critical acclaim
4 Women of the Civil Rights Movement
Ella Baker, Septima Clark, Fannie Lou Hamer and Rosa Parks all played important roles in the Civil Rights Movement.
William Monroe Trotter: An Uncompromising...
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
A Freedom Seeker's Remarkable Second Chance at...
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
David Walker
David Walker wrote David Walker's Appeal in 1829
Ida B. Wells-Barnett
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
Who was John Baxter Taylor?
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
Thirteenth Amendment
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
Why is James Weldon Johnson considered a...
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
Eight Achievements of Malcolm X
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
What are the accomplishments of Ella Baker?
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
How did Arturo Schomburg preserve African-Ameri...
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
The Origins of Black History Month
How did Black History Month get its start?
What caused the Tulsa Race Riot?
The Tulsa Race Riot was a 16-hour racially motivated conflict that occurred in 1921. In its aftermath, 800 Tulsans were injured, 300 blacks killed and the Negro Wall Street was destroyed.
Timeline: 1890 to 1899
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
Why is Countee Cullen Considered a Poetic Genius?
Countee Cullen was a prominent literary figure of the Harlem Renaissance.
Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
Who is Fannie Lou Hamer?
Fannie Lou Hamer was a grassroots worker in Mississippi whose fight to register local voters led to national publicity.
Fourteenth Amendment
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
Nikki Giovanni
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Poet, activist
The Achievements of Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
Why Did Lorraine Hansberry Write "A Raisin in...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview When
Henry Ossawa Tanner: A Naturalist at Heart
Henry Ossawa Tanner was the first African-American artist to achieve international acclaim.
6 African-American Playwrights
African-American playwrights such as Langston Hughes, Lorraine Hansberry, August Wilson, Amari Baraka, Ntozake Shange, and Suzan Lori Parks are discussed.
The Literary Contributions of James Baldwin
James Baldwin's work as an essayist, novelist and playwright explored issues such as personal identity, racism, and sexuality.
How did Medgar Evers participate in the Civil...
Medgar Evers work as a civil rights activist in Mississippi helped end segregation at the University of Mississippi.
Nannie Helen Burroughs surprising achievements...
Nannie Helen Burroughs was a prominent member of the NACW and established the National Training School for Women and Girls
Who is Henry Ossawa Tanner's father?
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century AME minister and bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner and Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson, one of the first African-American women physicians in the United States.
Who is James Forten?
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
Zora Neale Hurston: Folklorist and Novelist
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.
Alice Walker
Alice Walker is an African-American writer and activist. As a writer, Walker is best known for The Color Purple, which won both the Pulitzer Prize and The
Jessie Redmon Fauset: Harlem Renaissance Editor...
Jessie Redmon Fauset was one of the key players of the Harlem Renaissance. As literary editor of The Crisis, Fauset promoted the work of African-American writers.
What is the Pennsylvania Abolition Society?
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.
Alice Dunbar-Nelson
Alice Dunbar-Nelson worked as a poet, journalist and political activist during the Progressive Era and Harlem Renaissance.
Five Unforgettable Slave Rebellions
Enslaved and freed African-Americans often rebelled against oppression and injustice. This article explores the Stono Rebellion, Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion Plot and Nat Turner's Rebellion.
Georgia Douglas Johnson
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
What is Kwanzaa?
Kwanzaa is a celebration of African heritage that takes place from December 26 to January 1.
American Negro Academy: Promoting the Talented...
The American Negro Academy promoted the work of African-American scholars in the late 19th, early 20th century.
Four Achievements of Legal Advocate Sadie...
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was the first African-American woman to receive a PhD in the United States.
Seven Black Women Who Contributed to the...
Seven African-American women and their contributions to the anti-slavery movement.
Robert Morris Sr.
Robert S. Morris Sr. was one of the first African-American lawyers in the United States.
What Is Environmental Justice?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >During the 1980s,
Who are important men in the Black Arts Movement?
Prominent contributions by men of the Black Arts Movement
Why Did Ralph Ellison Only Publish One Novel?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Writer
1 Success of the Freedmen's Bureau
The Freedmen's Bureau was established to help former enslaved African-Americans with housing, educational and employment opportunities. Despite its work, the agency faced a number of problems ranging from funding and lack of support.
Primary Documents for the Study of American...
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
Timleine: 1900 to 1909
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
5 Prominent Members of the Civil Rights Movement
Several men and women were important to helping the Civil Rights Movement become successful in American society.
Civil Rights Hero Thurgood Marshall
Before Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, he represented African-Americans in landmark cases overturning segregation
Who is "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement?"
Septima Poinsette Clark was an educator and civil rights activist. As director of citizenship schools help spur the Montgomery Bus Boycott and voter registration drive.
African American History: 1970 to 1979 and the...
This month, I've decided to publish content that features events and people of the 1970s. While conducting research for African-American History Timeline: 1970
5 Important Women of the Harlem Renaissance
Jessie Redmon Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston and Regina Anderson are just a few of the women who played a significant role in the Harlem Renaissance.
Who is Angela Davis?
Angela Davis is a professor and political activist often remembered for her affiliation with the Black Panther Party.
Fifteenth Amendment
The text of the Fifteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, which guaranteed the right to vote to African Americans.
Timeline: 1870 to 1879
Key events in the decade of 1870.
What were the events leading up to the Brown v....
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview In 1954,
Three African-American Modern Dancers
Alvin Ailey, founder of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theatre, popularized modern dance.
On the Bookshelf: Six Autobiographies by...
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
African-American Senators
Eight African-Americans elected or appointed to the United States Senate.
How did Alain Leroy Locke Advocate for Harlem...
Like Jessie Redmon Fauset, Alain Leroy Locke worked diligently to promote the literary and artistic work of African-Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.
What are the achievements of Gwendolyn Brooks?
Gwendolyn Brooks is the first African-American to win a Pulitzer Prize in Poetry. Brooks poetry is influenced by the Great Migration and later the Black Power Movement.
25 Interesting Events of the Early 19th Century
African-American History Timeline of 1800 to 1819 documents specific acts of legislation, events and people who were prominent societal figures.
Abyssinian Baptist Church
Abyssinian Baptist Church. African-American History.
Publishers of Freedom's Journal
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > the first African-American newspaper in
Five African-American Male Writers
Five African-American male writers who reveal importance of themes such as alienation, unity and racial pride in their work.
Seven Contributions Lugenia Burns Hope Made to...
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
Seven Courageous Achievements of Explorer...
Matthew Henson, along with Edwin Peary, was the first to reach the North Pole in 1909.
Three Achievements of Macon Bolling Allen
Macon Bolling Allen was the first African-American licensed attorney and judge in the United States.

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