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African-American History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
How did Julian Bond Connect Social Activism and...
Julian Bond’s career as an activist, politician, professor of history made him an elder statesmen in the Civil Rights Movement.
When Did Slavery Begin in North America?
Slavery started in the British colonies in North America 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown in Virginia.
What Really Happened at the Stono Rebellion
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
Important Dates of the Civil Rights Movement...
The major events of the Civil Rights Movement from 1951-1959.
3 Philosophies of the Abolition Movement
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
3 Major Ways Some Slaves Resisted Slavery
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
National Negro Convention Movement
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
21 Literary Achievements of the Harlem...
The Harlem Renaissance is the considered the first literary movement in the United States in which many black writers are able to explore various themes existing in African American society. This is a timeline of the major publications and events of this period.
What Was the Impact of the Civil Rights Act of...
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The Unforgettable Jim Crow Era
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
Guide to the Civil Rights Movement of the '50s...
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
John Lewis
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How African-Americans Championed for Change in...
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
Why Emmett Till's Death Played a Pivotal Role...
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
Paul Laurence Dunbar: Poet Laureate of the...
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
What did African-Americans achieve in the 1950s?
African-American historical events that occurred between 1950 and 1959.
4 Top Texts of the Civil Rights Movement
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
Why Nat Turner's Rebellion Made White...
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
12 Achievements of the NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
Look into the Life and Legacy of Martin Luther...
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
3 Causes of the Red Summer of 1919
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
What are the key events for the abolition...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The abolition
Timeline: 1930 to 1939
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
37 Outstanding Achievements in the 1940s
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
What Were the Causes of the Great Migration of...
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
How did Harriet Tubman find the courage to lead...
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
What happened at the March on Washington?
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
When Did the Desegregation of the Military Take...
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
How did the abolition movement grow in the...
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
Asa Philip Randolph: Civil Rights Movement...
Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Who is James Forten?
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
37 Events of the 1970s
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
How Crispus Attucks Became a Hero During the...
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
35 Moments of the Roaring 20s
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
Who is the Father of the Underground Railroad?
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
5 Memorable Jazz Singers
During the 1950s, Dinah Washington was “the most popular black female recording artist” recording popular
How Martin Luther King Day Became a Federal...
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
Why is James Weldon Johnson considered a...
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
What You Should Know About the Emancipation...
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
African-American History Timeline: 1965 to 1969
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
Four Initiatives Developed by W.E.B. Du Bois
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
Enslavement Timeline 1619 to 1696
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
The Niagara Movement: Organizing for Social...
The Niagara Movement was an instrumental organization that was established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Du Bois in opposition to Booker T. Washington's philosophy as an accommodation.
Who are the Scottsboro Boys?
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
African-American History Timeline: 1960 to 1964
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
Why is Dred Scott's Case Significant?
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history. Dred Scott, an enslaved man, unsuccessfully fought for his and his wife's freedom.
Jessie Redmon Fauset: Harlem Renaissance Editor...
Jessie Redmon Fauset was one of the key players of the Harlem Renaissance. As literary editor of The Crisis, Fauset promoted the work of African-American writers.
24 Astounding Events of the 1850s
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 - 1799
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
What is African-American History?
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
26 Events That Happened After the Civil War
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
African-American History Timeline: 1840 to 1849
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
What is the Black Panther Party?
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party.
What is the oldest black college in the United...
What was the first historically black college to be established in the United States? What organizations helped establish schools for African-Americans?
Four Women of the African-American Press
What contributions did African-American women make to the news publishing industry?
Fourteenth Amendment
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
Why was the AME Church established?
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
How did African-American fight racial injustice...
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
What are the accomplishments of Ella Baker?
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
How did "The Chicago Defender" help spur the...
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What did African-American achieve between 1900...
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
African-American History Moments: 1980 to 1989
A timeline of African-American history from 1980 to 1989
Maggie Lena Walker
Maggie Lena Walker was the first women in the United States to direct a bank. Throughout her career as a businesswoman, Walker worked to help African-Americans.
Three Powerful Black Newspapers During the Jim...
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
5 Cities of the Abolition Movement
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
5 Contributions SNCC Made to the Civil Rights...
SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
Who are five early African-American Poets?
Jupiter Hammon was the first African-American to publish his work in the United States.
NACW: Fighting for Social Justice During the...
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
A Biography of Carter G. Woodson
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
How did Madam C.J. Walker become a millionaire?
Madam C.J. Walker developed a line of hair products for African-American women. She is considered the first woman to become a self-made millionaire.
3 African-American Abolitionists (Frederick...
Abolitionists used various tactics to help enslaved African-Americans gain freedom. Three notable African-American abolitionists are listed.
What is Juneteenth?
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
5 Outstanding Black Women Who Championed Tennis
Serena and Venus Williams, Zina Garrison, Althea Gibson, and Ora Mae Washington have all mastered the game of tennis.
Why is Claude McKay Considered a Proletariat...
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
The Literary Contributions of James Baldwin
James Baldwin's work as an essayist, novelist and playwright explored issues such as personal identity, racism, and sexuality.
Thirteenth Amendment
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
Gabriel Prosser's Plot
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
Why was the anti-lynching movement important?
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
Booker T. Washington: Biography
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
Seven Contributions Lugenia Burns Hope Made to...
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
African-American History Timeline: 1880 to 1889
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.
How did African-Americans become educated...
How did the Freedmen's Bureau and Freedmen's Aid Society help African-Americans achieve an education during the Reconstruction Period?
What contributions did Georgia Douglas Johnson...
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
7 Famous Members of the National Association of...
Journalist and suffragette Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin assisted in the formation of the NACW.
Learn About the Life of Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
On the Bookshelf: Top 5 Slave Narratives
Slave narratives allowed the world the opportunity to experience the treatment former slaves endured.
How did black newspapers fight against the Jim...
Why did Black newspaper publishers fight against Jim Crow Era laws and racial injustice?
6 Memorable Photos of MLK and the Civil Rights...
Martin Luther King Jr., became the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in 1954.
Where did writers of the Harlem Renaissance...
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
1 Success of the Freedmen's Bureau
The Freedmen's Bureau was established to help former enslaved African-Americans with housing, educational and employment opportunities. Despite its work, the agency faced a number of problems ranging from funding and lack of support.
Seven Black Women Who Contributed to the...
Seven African-American women and their contributions to the anti-slavery movement.
How did Black History Month begin?
How did Black History Month get its start?
Who is the first African-American to be...
John Hope was an educator and civil rights advocate. He was the first African-American to serve as president of a historically black college/university.
Frances Watkins Harper
Writer, educator, and abolitionist, Frances Watkins Harper spoke out against sexism and racism.
On the Bookshelf: Six Autobiographies by...
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
Who was John Baxter Taylor?
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
The Achievements of Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
Who Killed Jim Crow?
Charles Houston Hamilton was a civil rights attorney whose strategies for dismantling Jim Crow segregation led to the Brown v. Board of Education ruling.
25 Interesting Events of the Early 19th Century
African-American History Timeline of 1800 to 1819 documents specific acts of legislation, events and people who were prominent societal figures.
What happened to the Negro Baseball Leagues?
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
Timeline: 1890 to 1899
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson: First African-Amer...
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was the first woman of any race to pass the Alabama State Medical Examination. She later became the founder of Tuskegee University's Nurses' School and Hospital. She is the eldest daughter of AME bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner and sister to famed artist, Henry Ossawa Tanner.
5 Important Women of the Harlem Renaissance
Jessie Redmon Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston and Regina Anderson are just a few of the women who played a significant role in the Harlem Renaissance.
When Did African-Americans Begin Playing Golf?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Since the Reconstruction
The Amazing Achievement of Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou was a prominent memorist and poet whose work encouraged Americans of all walks of life.
Four Pan African Leaders
What is Pan Africanism? What African-American figures were believers in this ideology?
How did Arturo Schomburg preserve African-Ameri...
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
How did Alain Leroy Locke Advocate for Harlem...
Like Jessie Redmon Fauset, Alain Leroy Locke worked diligently to promote the literary and artistic work of African-Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.
Fifteenth Amendment
The text of the Fifteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, which guaranteed the right to vote to African Americans.
How did the American Tennis Association...
The American Tennis Association (ATA) was established to provide a space for African-American tennis players to compete against each other.
How did Medgar Evers participate in the Civil...
Medgar Evers work as a civil rights activist in Mississippi helped end segregation at the University of Mississippi.
4 Books that Teach African-American History
This article highlights four texts exploring African-American history and culture from enslavement to freedom.
Primary Documents for the Study of American...
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
What is Kwanzaa?
Kwanzaa is a celebration of African heritage that takes place from December 26 to January 1.
Nine Unforgettable Facts about "The Rebel" Mary...
Abolitionist and suffragette Mary Ann Shadd Cary advocated for self-reliance and education for African-Americans.
Alex Haley's Prominent Writing
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" > Overview Alex
How did Arthur Ashe become a world-class tennis...
Not only was Arthur Ashe a tennis player that broke racial barriers, but he used his position to shed light on several humanitarian issues.
Fast Facts About the First Four Years of the...
This timeline features events related to African-American history that occurred between 1860 and 1864.
How did Hip Hop Culture Begin?
A timeline of hip hop culture tracing the beginning of the movement in the 1970s through the 1990s.
Three African-American Modern Dancers
While Pearl Primus and Katherine Dunham established modern dance techniques, Alvin Ailey, popularized modern dance with his company, the Alvin Ailey American Dance Company.
47 Incredible Events in African-American...
Important events and people from 1820 to 1839.
5 African-American Organizations Established...
Five organizations established during the Progessive Era with the purpose of helping African-American achieve social equality.
Who is Angela Davis?
Angela Davis is a professor and political activist often remembered for her affiliation with the Black Panther Party.
Three Achievements of Macon Bolling Allen
Macon Bolling Allen was the first African-American licensed attorney and judge in the United States.
Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
3 National Civil Rights Campaigns Initiated by...
CORE played an important role in galvanizing young adults to help African-Americans in the South fight against racial discrimination.
Richard Allen
Richard Allen established the AME Church and was an abolitionist and social activist.
The Artistic Genius of Edmonia Lewis
Edmonia Lewis was the first African-American woman to be recognized as a sculptor.
Who is Fannie Lou Hamer?
Fannie Lou Hamer was a grassroots worker in Mississippi whose fight to register local voters led to national publicity.
How did abolitionists use Black newspapers to...
How did abolitionists use African-American newspapers to fight against slavery?
Civil Rights Hero Thurgood Marshall
Before Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, he represented African-Americans in landmark cases overturning segregation
Four Accomplishments of William Monroe Trotter
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
How did white Americans participate in the...
Lydia Maria Child, William Lloyd Garrison, and John Brown were white Americans who believed in the abolition of slavery. What strategies did these men and this woman use to help fight enslavement?
What were the events leading up to the Brown v....
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview In 1954,
How did the National Negro Business League...
The National Negro Business League was established by Booker T. Washington and Andrew Carnegie in 1900 to help black people establish businesses.
William Wells Brown
William Wells Brown was an abolitionist, writer and historian.
A Freedom Seeker's Remarkable Second Chance at...
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
Six Astounding African-American Artists of the...
Joshua Johnson was the first professional African-American portrait artist in the United States.
Robert Morris Sr.
Robert S. Morris Sr. was one of the first African-American lawyers in the United States.
Who are the pioneers of Black Nationalist...
Early Black Nationalists included Paul Cuffee, Martin Delany and Henry McNeal Turner. These men all envisioned a better world for African-Americans outside of the United States.
Members of the Black Panther Party
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
Who is Henry Ossawa Tanner's father?
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century AME minister and bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner and Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson, one of the first African-American women physicians in the United States.
Prominent Men of the Civil Rights Movement
A. Philip Randolph was important to organizing several moments in the Civil Rights Movement.
Eight Achievements of Malcolm X
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
Who is David Ruggles?
David Ruggles was a prominent African-American abolitionist based out of New York City. Ruggles was the first African-American to own a bookstore.
Famous Players of the Negro Baseball Leagues
Satchel Paige, Josh Gibson, and Jackie Robinson are three of the most prolific players in the Negro Baseball Leagues.
Zora Neale Hurston: Folklorist and Novelist
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.

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