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African-American History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
3 Major Ways Some Slaves Resisted Slavery
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
What Really Happened at the Stono Rebellion
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
When Did Slavery Begin in North America?
Slavery started in the British colonies in North America 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown in Virginia.
Important Dates of the Civil Rights Movement...
The major events of the Civil Rights Movement from 1951-1959.
How African-Americans Championed for Change in...
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
What did African-Americans achieve in the 1950s?
African-American historical events that occurred between 1950 and 1959.
12 Achievements of the NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
Why Nat Turner's Rebellion Made White...
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
The Unforgettable Jim Crow Era
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
What Was the Impact of the Civil Rights Act of...
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Enslavement Timeline 1619 to 1696
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
3 Causes of the Red Summer of 1919
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
Guide to the Civil Rights Movement of the '50s...
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
What Were the Causes of the Great Migration of...
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
37 Outstanding Achievements in the 1940s
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 - 1799
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
How did Harriet Tubman find the courage to lead...
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
What are the key events for the abolition...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The abolition
Timeline: 1930 to 1939
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
How did African-American fight racial injustice...
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
What You Should Know About the Emancipation...
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
Why was the anti-lynching movement important?
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
When Did the Desegregation of the Military Take...
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
National Negro Convention Movement
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
4 Top Texts of the Civil Rights Movement
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
African-American History Timeline: 1965 to 1969
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
NACW: Fighting for Social Justice During the...
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
Why Emmett Till's Death Played a Pivotal Role...
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
Four Initiatives Developed by W.E.B. Du Bois
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
How Crispus Attucks Became a Hero During the...
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
Look into the Life and Legacy of Martin Luther...
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
3 Philosophies of the Abolition Movement
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
What were the events leading up to the Brown v....
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview In 1954,
What impact did Gabriel Prosser's Plot have on...
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
Who is the Father of the Underground Railroad?
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
Was the Niagara Movement an Innovative...
The Niagara Movement was an organization established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and scholar W.E.B. Du Bois to fight racial injustice
African-American History Timeline: 1840 to 1849
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
Paul Laurence Dunbar: Poet Laureate of the...
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
37 Events of the 1970s
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
47 Incredible Events in African-American...
Important events and people from 1820 to 1839.
24 Astounding Events of the 1850s
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
21 Literary Achievements of the Harlem...
This timeline highlights significant literary works published during the Harlem Renaissance, a period lasting from 1917 to 1937.
What is the Black Panther Party?
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
What are the accomplishments of Ella Baker?
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
How did the abolition movement grow in the...
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
Four Accomplishments of William Monroe Trotter
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
Why is Dred Scott's Case Significant?
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history. Dred Scott, an enslaved man, unsuccessfully fought for his and his wife's freedom.
35 Moments of the Roaring 20s
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
Where did writers of the Harlem Renaissance...
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
Learn About the Life of Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
What is African-American History?
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
How did Elizabeth overcome racism and perform...
Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield was the first African-American concert perform to achieve international acclaim and perform at the Royal Palace.
26 Events That Happened After the Civil War
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
Who are the Scottsboro Boys?
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
African-American History Moments: 1980 to 1989
A timeline of African-American history from 1980 to 1989
A Biography of Carter G. Woodson
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
5 Contributions SNCC Made to the Civil Rights...
SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
What did African-American achieve between 1900...
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
How did Jesse Jackson become a social activist...
Jesse Jackson is an activist, minister and politician whose career in the public eye has lasted more than 50 years.
How did Arturo Schomburg preserve African-Ameri...
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
Who is "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement?"
Septima Poinsette Clark was an educator and civil rights activist. As director of citizenship schools help spur the Montgomery Bus Boycott and voter registration drive.
Why was the AME Church established?
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
5 Cities of the Abolition Movement
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
Why was James Monroe Trotter known as a...
James Monroe Trotter was a true Renaissance Man. An educator, military officer and musical historian, Trotter was also the first black man to be employed by the postal service.
Why is James Weldon Johnson considered a...
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
Seven Black Women Who Contributed to the...
Seven African-American women and their contributions to the anti-slavery movement.
3 Remarkably Interesting African-American...
Three documentary sets providing vivid footage and historical reenactments to inform viewers of the African-American experience in the United States.
William Wells Brown
William Wells Brown was an abolitionist, writer and historian.
Civil Rights Hero Thurgood Marshall
Before Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, he represented African-Americans in landmark cases overturning segregation
Thirteenth Amendment
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
Richard Allen
Richard Allen established the AME Church and was an abolitionist and social activist.
Fast Facts About the First Four Years of the...
This timeline features events related to African-American history that occurred between 1860 and 1864.
How did the American Negro Academy Oppose...
The American Negro Academy promoted the work of African-American scholars in the late 19th and early 20th century.
What is the oldest black college in the United...
What was the first historically black college to be established in the United States? What organizations helped establish schools for African-Americans?
How did Maggie Lena Walker create wealth during...
Maggie Lena Walker was the first woman in the United States to establish and run a bank. Walker's work as an activist is also well noted.
Who is Henry Ossawa Tanner's father?
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century African Methodist Episcopal bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner.
How did Harry Pace help African-American...
In 1921 Harry Pace established Black Swan Records, the first African-American owned recording company.
What happened at the March on Washington?
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
How did Black Newspapers fight racial injustice...
How did African-American newspapers serve as vehicles for change during the Jim Crow Era?
6 Astounding Accomplishments of Mary Church...
Mary Church Terrell was a lifelong fighter against the disenfranchisement of African-Americans and women.
6 Memorable Photos of MLK and the Civil Rights...
Martin Luther King Jr., became the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in 1954.
Why did C. Delores Tucker Campaign Against Rap...
C. Delores Tucker was the first African-American secretary of state in Pennsylvania and co-founded the National Congress of Black Women.
The Amazing Achievement of Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou was a prominent memorist and poet whose work encouraged Americans of all walks of life.
The Achievements of Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
Primary Documents for the Study of American...
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
1 Success of the Freedmen's Bureau
The Freedmen's Bureau was established to help former enslaved African-Americans with housing, educational and employment opportunities. Despite its work, the agency faced a number of problems ranging from funding and lack of support.
Why was James Forten considered an influential...
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
What is Juneteenth?
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
African-American Events from 1980 to 1989
This month's historical timeline features events taking place between 1980 and 1989. As a result of various civil rights struggles in previous decades, it
Three Powerful Black Newspapers During the Jim...
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
Booker T. Washington: Biography
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
Who is Fannie Lou Hamer?
Fannie Lou Hamer was a grassroots worker in Mississippi whose fight to register local voters led to national publicity.
Fourteenth Amendment
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
African-American History Timeline: 1960 to 1964
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
Why did Dorothy Height devote her life to...
Dorothy Height's career as an advocate for women's rights and racial equality spanned the Jim Crow Era and into the post-modern Civil Rights Movement.
How Martin Luther King Day Became a Federal...
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
How did Black History Month begin?
How did Black History Month get its start?
3 National Civil Rights Campaigns Initiated by...
CORE played an important role in galvanizing young adults to help African-Americans in the South fight against racial discrimination.
What is the Pennsylvania Abolition Society?
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.
What caused the Tulsa Race Riot?
The Tulsa Race Riot was a 16-hour racially motivated conflict that occurred in 1921. In its aftermath, 800 Tulsans were injured, 300 blacks killed and the Negro Wall Street was destroyed.
Timeline: 1870 to 1879
Key events in the decade of 1870.
Why is Claude McKay Considered a Proletariat...
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
What happened to the Negro Baseball Leagues?
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
Frances Watkins Harper
Writer, educator, and abolitionist, Frances Watkins Harper spoke out against sexism and racism.
Who is David Ruggles?
David Ruggles was a prominent African-American abolitionist based out of New York City. Ruggles was the first African-American to own a bookstore.
What inspired John Lewis to Join the Civil...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview John
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson: First African-Amer...
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was the first woman of any race to pass the Alabama State Medical Examination. She later became the founder of Tuskegee University's Nurses' School and Hospital. She is the eldest daughter of AME bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner and sister to famed artist, Henry Ossawa Tanner.
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
David Walker
David Walker wrote David Walker's Appeal in 1829
Who was John Baxter Taylor?
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
Members of the Black Panther Party
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
5 African-American Organizations Established...
Five organizations established during the Progessive Era with the purpose of helping African-American achieve social equality.
Zora Neale Hurston: Folklorist and Novelist
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.
How did Benjamin Banneker Defy 18th Century...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Almanac
Who is the Father of the Blues?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview William
Prominent Men of the Civil Rights Movement
A. Philip Randolph was important to organizing several moments in the Civil Rights Movement.
How did Julian Bond Connect Social Activism and...
Julian Bond’s career as an activist, politician, professor of history made him an elder statesmen in the Civil Rights Movement.
4 Children's Books That Teach African-American...
Ready to introduce your young reader to a biography or memoir of an African-American historical figure? This list is a great start!
Four Achievements of Legal Advocate Sadie...
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was the first African-American woman to receive a PhD in the United States.
What contributions did Georgia Douglas Johnson...
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
Five Unforgettable Slave Rebellions
The Stono Rebellion, Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion Plot, German Coast Uprising (Andry's Rebellion) and Nat Turner's Rebellion are all examples ways that enslaved and freed African-American rebelled against oppression.
How did the National Negro Business League...
The National Negro Business League was established by Booker T. Washington and Andrew Carnegie in 1900 to help black people establish businesses.
Why is Thomas Dorsey Known as the "Father of...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" > Overview Gospel
How did Alain Leroy Locke Advocate for Harlem...
Like Jessie Redmon Fauset, Alain Leroy Locke worked diligently to promote the literary and artistic work of African-Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.
A Freedom Seeker's Remarkable Second Chance at...
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
On the Bookshelf: Six Autobiographies by...
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
Seven Contributions Lugenia Burns Hope Made to...
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
Timeline: 1890 to 1899
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
Four Organizations of the Civil Rights Movement
Four prominent civil rights organizations that helped to end segregation and Jim Crow Era laws.
How was Arna Bontemps Devoted to Documenting...
Writer Arna Bontemps never gained notoriety during the Harlem Renaissance but his work as a curator of black literature and culture makes him notable.
How Does Kwanzaa Honor African-American Heritage?
Kwanzaa is an annual celebration of African heritage taking place from December 26 to January 1.
Three Unforgettable Women of the Black Arts...
Prominent women of the Black Arts Movement
4 Achievements of John Mercer Langston
John Mercer Langston was not only the first African-American to serve in Congress, he was also an abolitionist, educator and fighter for racial unity as well as equality.
How did Arthur Ashe become a world-class tennis...
Not only was Arthur Ashe a tennis player that broke racial barriers, but he used his position to shed light on several humanitarian issues.
4 Women of the Civil Rights Movement
Ella Baker, Septima Clark, Fannie Lou Hamer and Rosa Parks all played important roles in the Civil Rights Movement.
How did African-Americans become educated...
How did the Freedmen's Bureau and Freedmen's Aid Society help African-Americans achieve an education during the Reconstruction Period?
Why was the National Council of Negro Women...
The National Council of Negro Women was established by Mary McLeod Bethune to unite African-American women's groups and improve race relations in the United States.
Four Pan African Leaders
What is Pan Africanism? What African-American figures were believers in this ideology?
5 Men of the Harlem Renaissance
Poets such as Countee Cullen, Arna Bontemps, Sterling Brown, Claude McKay and Langston Hughes all made significant contributions to the Harlem Renaissance.
How did abolitionists use Black newspapers to...
How did abolitionists use African-American newspapers to fight against slavery?
How did Madam C.J. Walker become a millionaire?
Madam C.J. Walker developed a line of hair products for African-American women. She is considered the first woman to become a self-made millionaire.
How did the American Tennis Association...
The American Tennis Association (ATA) was established to provide a space for African-American tennis players to compete against each other.
Who is the first African-American to be...
John Hope was an educator and civil rights advocate. He was the first African-American to serve as president of a historically black college/university.
Three Widows of the Civil Rights Movement
As widows of the most prominent men of the Civil Rights Movement, Coretta Scott King, Myrlie Evers Williams and Bettye Shabazz continued to fight against injustice following their husbands' deaths.
Jacob Lawrence: Visual Chronicler of the...
Jacob Lawrence depict African-American historical figures and events in visual narrative series.
Who is Angela Davis?
Angela Davis is a professor and political activist often remembered for her affiliation with the Black Panther Party.
How did white Americans participate in the...
Lydia Maria Child, William Lloyd Garrison, and John Brown were white Americans who believed in the abolition of slavery. What strategies did these men and this woman use to help fight enslavement?

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