African-American History: Most Popular Articles
Slavery in the British colonies in North America dates to 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown.
A timeline of major events in the Civil Rights Movement between 1960 and 1964.
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
Maggie Lena Walker was the first women in the United States to direct a bank. Throughout her career as a businesswoman, Walker worked to help African-Americans.
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
The Abolition Movement of the 1830s was filled with action. From the publication of Garrison's
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
This timeline highlights important events and people in the 1950s.
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
The Niagara Movement was an instrumental organization that was established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Du Bois in opposition to Booker T. Washington's philosophy as an accommodation.
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
Writer, educator, and abolitionist, Frances Watkins Harper spoke out against sexism and racism.
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
The Harlem Renaissance is the considered the first literary movement in the United States in which many black writers are able to explore various themes existing in African American society. This is a timeline of the major publications and events of this period.
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
Medgar Evers work as a civil rights activist in Mississippi helped end segregation at the University of Mississippi.
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
Joshua Johnson was the first professional African-American portrait artist in the United States.
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
A timeline of hip hop culture tracing the beginning of the movement in the 1970s through the 1990s.
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
The American Negro Academy promoted the work of African-American scholars in the late 19th, early 20th century.
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
Henry Ossawa Tanner was the first African-American artist to achieve international acclaim.
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
Prominent contributions by men of the Black Arts Movement
In 1920, Mamie Smith sang âCrazy Blues,â and musical history--the song is considered the first blues
John Mercer Langston was not only the first African-American to serve in Congress, he was also an abolitionist, educator and fighter for racial unity as well as equality.
Actress, singer and vaudeville performer Florence Mills is considered the first African-American international superstar.
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
Kwanzaa is a celebration of African heritage that takes place from December 26 to January 1.
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was the first African-American woman to receive a PhD in the United States.
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
Abyssinian Baptist Church. African-American History.
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
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Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
Prominent women of the Black Arts Movement
Edmonia Lewis was the first African-American woman to be recognized as a sculptor.
Arna Bontemps was a poet and novelist of the Harlem Renaissance. Yet, it was his work as a curator who archived African-American literature and culture that makes him most notable.
A timeline of African-American history from 1980 to 1989
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SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
James Baldwin's work as an essayist, novelist and playwright explored issues such as personal identity, racism, and sexuality.
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.
Maya Angelou was a prominent memorist and poet whose work encouraged Americans of all walks of life.
Nannie Helen Burroughs was a prominent member of the NACW and established the National Training School for Women and Girls
How did Black History Month get its start?
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
Eubie Blake was a prominent musician, composer and performer during the Harlem Renaissance and Jazz Age.
Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Like Jessie Redmon Fauset, Alain Leroy Locke worked diligently to promote the literary and artistic work of African-Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.
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Countee Cullen was a prominent literary figure of the Harlem Renaissance.
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history.
Key events in the decade of 1870.
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
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Alvin Ailey, founder of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theatre, popularized modern dance.
Image of the African-American participation in the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Page 2.
The African-American press was an integral part of resisting discrimination, racism and oppression in American society
Fannie Lou Hamer was a grassroots worker in Mississippi whose fight to register local voters led to national publicity.
African-American women in politics.
Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performed the first successful open heart surgery in the world. He also established Provident Hospital in Chicago for blacks.
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
Martin Luther King Jr.'s career began in 1955 with the Montgomery Bus Boycott. For the next 13 years, he'd work to end legal and social discrimination. Page 2.
This article highlights four texts exploring African-American history and culture from enslavement to freedom.
Alice Dunbar-Nelson worked as a poet, journalist and political activist during the Progressive Era and Harlem Renaissance.
Jessie Redmon Fauset was one of the key players of the Harlem Renaissance. As literary editor of The Crisis, Fauset promoted the work of African-American writers.
The Lincoln Film Company was the first African-American film company in the United States.
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was the first woman of any race to pass the Alabama State Medical Examination. She later became the founder of Tuskegee University's Nurses' School and Hospital. She is the eldest daughter of AME bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner and sister to famed artist, Henry Ossawa Tanner.
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Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
Toni Morrison is a prolific writer whose novels about the African-American experience have received critical acclaim
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
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Robert S. Morris Sr. was one of the first African-American lawyers in the United States.
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century AME minister and bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner and Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson, one of the first African-American women physicians in the United States.
Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance explored themes such as racism, lynching and heritage in their theatrical productions.
William Wells Brown was an abolitionist, writer and historian.
Poet and activist Nikki Giovanni a distinguished professor at Virginia Tech University.
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James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
A list of Black History Month national events.
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
The text of the Fifteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, which guaranteed the right to vote to African Americans.
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CORE played an important role in galvanizing young adults to help African-Americans in the South fight against racial discrimination.
Slave narratives allowed the world the opportunity to experience the treatment former slaves endured.
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
The National Urban League (NUL) is a civil rights organization advocating for the rights of African-Americans in the United States.
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.
George Moses Horton is the first African-American in the South to publish a book. Page 4.
Spike Lee has directed and produced a number of films, documentaries, music videos and commercials.
Gwendolyn Brooks is the first African-American to win a Pulitzer Prize in Poetry. Brooks poetry is influenced by the Great Migration and later the Black Power Movement.
Here is a list of Black History Month events in selected cities and regions across the United States.
Angela Davis is a professor and political activist often remembered for her affiliation with the Black Panther Party.
David Walker wrote David Walker's Appeal in 1829