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African-American History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
When Did Slavery Begin in North America?
Slavery in the British colonies in North America dates to 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown.
Timeline of the Civil Rights Movement, 1960-1964
A timeline of major events in the Civil Rights Movement between 1960 and 1964.
Timeline of the Civil Rights Movement, 1951-1959
The major events of the Civil Rights Movement from 1951-1959.
The Civil Rights Movement
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
Timeline of the Civil Rights Movement, 1965-1969
A timeline of the Civil Rights Movement in the late 1960s.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Nat Turner's Rebellion
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
How Did Slaves Resist Slavery?
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
Timeline of the Civil Rights Movement, 1963-1964
A timeline of major events in the Civil Rights Movement. Page two covers events from 1963 on, starting with demonstrations and protests in Birmingham. Page 2.
Executive Order 9981
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
A Biography of Emmett Till
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
African-Americans in the Progressive Era
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
The Emancipation Proclamation
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
Timeline of the Civil Rights Movement, 1968-1969
A timeline of the Civil Rights Movement between 1968 and 1969. Page 2.
A Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr.
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Major Civil Rights Speeches and Writings
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
Causes of the Great Migration: Searching for...
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
The Stono Rebellion
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
A Biography of Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
A Biography of Harriet Tubman
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
A Biography of Crispus Attucks
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
Booker T. Washington: Biography
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
The Red Summer of 1919
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
Timeline of the Abolition Movement: 1830 - 1839
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The abolition
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
What is Juneteenth?
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
Literary Timeline of the Harlem Renaissance
The Harlem Renaissance is the considered the first literary movement in the United States in which many black writers are able to explore various themes existing in African American society. This is a timeline of the major publications and events of this period.
Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
Timeline of the NAACP: 1909 to 1965
Timeline of milestone events orchestrated by the NAACP
African-American History Timeline: 1940 to 1949
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
Timeline: 1930 to 1939
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
Anti-Lynching Movement
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
John Baxter Taylor: First African-American Gold...
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
History of Martin Luther King Day
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
What is Abolitionism?
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
Top Five Cities of the Abolition Movement
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
W.E.B. Du Bois: Innovative Activist
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
African-American History Timeline: 1950 to 1959
This timeline highlights important events and people in the 1950s.
African-American History Timeline: 1960 to 1964
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
Claude McKay: Proletariat Poet
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
The National Association of Colored Women
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
Four Publications of the Harlem Renaissance
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
Timeline of Scottsboro Boys
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
William Still
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman.
Malcolm X
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
African-American History Timeline: 1965 to 1969
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
AME Church
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
What is African-American History?
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
The Origins of Black History Month
How did Black History Month get its start?
Maggie Lena Walker
Maggie Lena Walker was the first women in the United States to direct a bank. Throughout her career as a businesswoman, Walker worked to help African-Americans.
Gabriel Prosser's Plot
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
Timeline: 1850 to 1859
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
A Biography of Carter G. Woodson
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
Paul Laurence Dunbar: Poet Laureate of the...
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
Countee Cullen
Countee Cullen was a prominent literary figure of the Harlem Renaissance.
Who are five early African-American Poets?
Jupiter Hammon was the first African-American to publish his work in the United States.
The Niagara Movement: Organizing for Social...
The Niagara Movement was an instrumental organization that was established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Du Bois in opposition to Booker T. Washington's philosophy as an accommodation.
Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
James Weldon Johnson: Renaissance Man
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
Fourteenth Amendment
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
Profile: Ella Baker
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
Arna Bontemps
Arna Bontemps was a poet and novelist of the Harlem Renaissance. Yet, it was his work as a curator who archived African-American literature and culture that makes him most notable.
Image Gallery: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the...
Image of the African-American participation in the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Page 2.
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg: Preserving the Past
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
African-American History Timeline: 1920 - 1929
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
Frances Watkins Harper
Writer, educator, and abolitionist, Frances Watkins Harper spoke out against sexism and racism.
Enslavement Timeline 1619 to 1696
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
The Abolition Movement: 1820 - 1829
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
James Forten
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
John Lewis
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Today
What Is Environmental Justice?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >During the 1980s,
Zora Neale Hurston: Folklorist and Novelist
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.
Timeline: 1865 to 1869
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
Alice Dunbar-Nelson
Alice Dunbar-Nelson worked as a poet, journalist and political activist during the Progressive Era and Harlem Renaissance.
The Black Panther Party
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party
Biography of Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was the first African-American woman to receive a PhD in the United States.
Toni Morrison: Biography
Toni Morrison is a prolific writer whose novels about the African-American experience have received critical acclaim
Ida B. Wells-Barnett
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
African-American History Timeline: 1970 to 1979
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
Primary Documents for the Study of American...
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
National Negro Convention Movement
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
African-American History Timeline: 1840 to 1849
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
Mary Mcleod Bethune
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
William Wells Brown
William Wells Brown was an abolitionist, writer and historian.
On the Bookshelf: Top 5 Slave Narratives
Slave narratives allowed the world the opportunity to experience the treatment former slaves endured.
John Mercer Langston
John Mercer Langston was not only the first African-American to serve in Congress, he was also an abolitionist, educator and fighter for racial unity as well as equality.
Lugenia Burns Hope
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
Dred Scott Timeline
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history.
Timeline: 1910 to 1919
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
Timleine: 1900 to 1909
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
The Power of the Press: African-American News...
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
On the Bookshelf: Six Autobiographies by...
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
Fannie Lou Hamer
Fannie Lou Hamer was a grassroots worker in Mississippi whose fight to register local voters led to national publicity.
William Monroe Trotter: An Uncompromising...
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
Who is "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement?"
Septima Poinsette Clark was an educator and civil rights activist. As director of citizenship schools help spur the Montgomery Bus Boycott and voter registration drive.
Negro Baseball League Timeline
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
African-American History Timeline: 1880 to 1889
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.
Members of the Black Panther Party
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
African-American Women in Politics
African-American women in politics.
Benjamin Banneker: Inventor and Astronomer
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Early Life Banneker
Asa Philip Randolph: Civil Rights Movement...
Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 - 1799
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
Richard Wright
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Writer
What is Kwanzaa?
Kwanzaa is a celebration of African heritage that takes place from December 26 to January 1.
Anthony Burns
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
Publishers of Freedom's Journal
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > the first African-American newspaper in
David Walker
David Walker wrote David Walker's Appeal in 1829
Macon Bolling Allen
Macon Bolling Allen was the first African-American licensed attorney and judge in the United States.
Timeline of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
American Negro Academy: Promoting the Talented...
The American Negro Academy promoted the work of African-American scholars in the late 19th, early 20th century.
Biography: James Baldwin
James Baldwin's work as an essayist, novelist and playwright explored issues such as personal identity, racism, and sexuality.
Alain Leroy Locke: Advocate for African-America...
Like Jessie Redmon Fauset, Alain Leroy Locke worked diligently to promote the literary and artistic work of African-Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.
African-American History Timeline: 1980 to 1989
A timeline of African-American history from 1980 to 1989
Benjamin Tucker Tanner
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century AME minister and bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner and Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson, one of the first African-American women physicians in the United States.
Abyssinian Baptist Church
Abyssinian Baptist Church. African-American History.
Fifteenth Amendment
The text of the Fifteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, which guaranteed the right to vote to African Americans.
Five Blues Singin Women
In 1920, Mamie Smith sang “Crazy Blues,” and musical history--the song is considered the first blues
The National Urban League
The National Urban League (NUL) is a civil rights organization advocating for the rights of African-Americans in the United States.
Medgar Evers
Medgar Evers work as a civil rights activist in Mississippi helped end segregation at the University of Mississippi.
Lincoln Film Company
The Lincoln Film Company was the first African-American film company in the United States.
On the Bookshelf: Four Books on African-America...
This article highlights four texts exploring African-American history and culture from enslavement to freedom.
Nineteenth Century African-American Artists
Joshua Johnson was the first professional African-American portrait artist in the United States.
Georgia Douglas Johnson
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
Thirteenth Amendment
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
African-American Senators
Eight African-Americans elected or appointed to the United States Senate.
On the Bookshelf: Four African-American...
Leon's Story by Leon Tillage provides readers with the struggles a young man endures while living in the segregated South.
Timeline: 1890 to 1899
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
Watch This: African-American Documentaries
Three documentaries that provide vivid footage and historical facts concerning African-American history.
Robert Morris Sr.
Robert S. Morris Sr. was one of the first African-American lawyers in the United States.
Jessie Redmon Fauset: Harlem Renaissance Editor...
Jessie Redmon Fauset was one of the key players of the Harlem Renaissance. As literary editor of The Crisis, Fauset promoted the work of African-American writers.
Prominent Men of the Civil Rights Movement
Martin Luther King Jr.'s career began in 1955 with the Montgomery Bus Boycott. For the next 13 years, he'd work to end legal and social discrimination. Page 2.
Biography of Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was the first woman of any race to pass the Alabama State Medical Examination. She later became the founder of Tuskegee University's Nurses' School and Hospital. She is the eldest daughter of AME bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner and sister to famed artist, Henry Ossawa Tanner.
Henry Ossawa Tanner: A Naturalist at Heart
Henry Ossawa Tanner was the first African-American artist to achieve international acclaim.
Richard Allen
Richard Allen established the AME Church and was an abolitionist and social activist.
Edmonia Lewis
Edmonia Lewis was the first African-American woman to be recognized as a sculptor.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
CORE played an important role in galvanizing young adults to help African-Americans in the South fight against racial discrimination.
Timeline: 1870 to 1879
Key events in the decade of 1870.

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