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African-American History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
Important Dates of the Civil Rights Movement...
A timeline of major events in the Civil Rights Movement between 1960 and 1964.
When Did Slavery Begin in North America?
Slavery in the British colonies in North America dates to 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown.
3 Major Ways Some Slaves Resisted Slavery
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
Guide to the Civil Rights Movement of the '50s...
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
What Was the Impact of the Civil Rights Act of...
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Why Nat Turner's Rebellion Made White...
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
How African-Americans Championed for Change in...
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
African-American History Timeline: 1950 to 1959
This timeline highlights important events and people in the 1950s.
A Biography of Harriet Tubman
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
When Did the Desegregation of the Military Take...
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
12 Achievements of the NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
3 Causes of the Red Summer of 1919
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
Why Emmett Till's Death Played a Pivotal Role...
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
Look into the Life and Legacy of Martin Luther...
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
4 Top Texts of the Civil Rights Movement
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
What Were the Causes of the Great Migration of...
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
37 Outstanding Achievements in the 1940s
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
What is Juneteenth?
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
What Really Happened at the Stono Rebellion
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
What are the key events for the abolition...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The abolition
Timeline: 1930 to 1939
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
37 Events of the 1970s
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
What You Should Know About the Emancipation...
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
What is the Black Panther Party?
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party.
The Unforgettable Jim Crow Era
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
Why is Dred Scott's Case Significant?
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history. Dred Scott, an enslaved man, unsuccessfully fought for his and his wife's freedom.
How Crispus Attucks Became a Hero During the...
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
Who is the Father of the Underground Railroad?
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
NACW: Fighting for Social Justice During the...
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
Why was the anti-lynching movement important?
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
35 Moments of the Roaring 20s
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
A Freedom Seeker's Remarkable Second Chance at...
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
Learn About the Life of Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
Who are the Scottsboro Boys?
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
Paul Laurence Dunbar: Poet Laureate of the...
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
21 Literary Achievements of the Harlem...
The Harlem Renaissance is the considered the first literary movement in the United States in which many black writers are able to explore various themes existing in African American society. This is a timeline of the major publications and events of this period.
Timeline: 1910 to 1919
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
African-American History Timeline: 1965 to 1969
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
African-American History Timeline: 1960 to 1964
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
24 Astounding Events of the 1850s
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
Where did writers of the Harlem Renaissance...
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
6 Memorable Photos of MLK and the Civil Rights...
Image of the African-American participation in the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Who is Mr. Bojangles?
Bill Bojangles Robinson's career spanned vaudeville, the Broadway stage and film.
Four Initiatives Developed by W.E.B. Du Bois
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 - 1799
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
3 Philosophies of the Abolition Movement
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
How did Arturo Schomburg preserve African-Ameri...
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
What happened to the Negro Baseball Leagues?
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
Why did Romare Bearden become a collage artist?
Romare Bearden was a visual artist who utilized painting, cartoon and collage to depict African-American life.
26 Events That Happened After the Civil War
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
How Martin Luther King Day Became a Federal...
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
Booker T. Washington: Biography
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
What happened at the March on Washington?
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
5 Cities of the Abolition Movement
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
What did African-American achieve between 1900...
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
African-American Events from 1980 to 1989
This month's historical timeline features events taking place between 1980 and 1989. As a result of various civil rights struggles in previous decades, it
5 Contributions SNCC Made to the Civil Rights...
SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
African-American History Timeline: 1880 to 1889
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.
Enslavement Timeline 1619 to 1696
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
A Biography of Carter G. Woodson
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
What is African-American History?
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
Why is James Weldon Johnson considered a...
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
The Achievements of Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
Why is Claude McKay Considered a Proletariat...
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
African-American History Timeline: 1980 to 1989
A timeline of African-American history from 1980 to 1989
African-American History Timeline: 1840 to 1849
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
Timeline: 1890 to 1899
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
Seven Contributions Lugenia Burns Hope Made to...
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
How did the abolition movement grow in the...
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
Who was John Baxter Taylor?
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
Lincoln Film Company
The Lincoln Film Company was the first African-American film company in the United States.
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
AME Church
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
Members of the Black Panther Party
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
Timeline: 1870 to 1879
Key events in the decade of 1870.
Four Achievements of Legal Advocate Sadie...
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was the first African-American woman to receive a PhD in the United States.
Gabriel Prosser's Plot
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
Eight Achievements of Malcolm X
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
Thirteenth Amendment
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
4 Stops on the Niagara Freedom Trail
Niagara Bound Tours is a tourism company dedicated to teaching travelers about the experiences of freedom seekers who crossed the Niagara River during enslavement.
Who is James Forten?
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
Prominent Men of the Civil Rights Movement
As the Director of Direct Action and Director of Nonviolent Education for the SCLC, James Bevel was responsible
Five Blues Singin Women
Alberta Hunter was a singer and songwriter who performed for more than thirty years before retiring and becoming a nurse. Her career was revived in 1977 with the album Amtrak Blues.
Maggie Lena Walker
Maggie Lena Walker was the first women in the United States to direct a bank. Throughout her career as a businesswoman, Walker worked to help African-Americans.
Who is Henry Ossawa Tanner's father?
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century AME minister and bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner and Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson, one of the first African-American women physicians in the United States.
3 National Civil Rights Campaigns Initiated by...
CORE played an important role in galvanizing young adults to help African-Americans in the South fight against racial discrimination.
How did Augusta Savage find funding to become...
Sculptor Augusta Savage created busts of Harlem Renaissance leaders such as W.E.B. DuBois and Marcus Garvey.
Three Powerful Black Newspapers During the Jim...
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
The Niagara Movement: Organizing for Social...
The Niagara Movement was an instrumental organization that was established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Du Bois in opposition to Booker T. Washington's philosophy as an accommodation.
Why is Countee Cullen Considered a Poetic Genius?
Countee Cullen was a prominent literary figure of the Harlem Renaissance.
Arna Bontemps
Arna Bontemps was a poet and novelist of the Harlem Renaissance. Yet, it was his work as a curator who archived African-American literature and culture that makes him most notable.
What are the accomplishments of Ella Baker?
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
Fourteenth Amendment
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
Five Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance
Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance explored themes such as racism, lynching and heritage in their theatrical productions.
John Lewis
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Today
How did Alain Leroy Locke Advocate for Harlem...
Like Jessie Redmon Fauset, Alain Leroy Locke worked diligently to promote the literary and artistic work of African-Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.
Asa Philip Randolph: Civil Rights Movement...
Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Who is "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement?"
Septima Poinsette Clark was an educator and civil rights activist. As director of citizenship schools help spur the Montgomery Bus Boycott and voter registration drive.
5 Writers of the Harlem Renaissance
Five prominent writers of the Harlem Renaissance include Claude McKay, Zora Neale Hurston, Langston Hughes, Jessie Redmon Fauset and Joseph Seamon Cotter, Jr.
Who is Septima Clark?
Septima Clark was a lifelong educator and civil rights advocate
1 Success of the Freedmen's Bureau
The Freedmen's Bureau was established to help former enslaved African-Americans with housing, educational and employment opportunities. Despite its work, the agency faced a number of problems ranging from funding and lack of support.
Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
Which black performers received international...
African-American performers defied great odds to appear on Broadway stages and feature films during the Jim Crow Era.
The Amazing Achievement of Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou was a prominent memorist and poet whose work encouraged Americans of all walks of life.
Why was Paul Robeson blacklisted from the...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Paul
Toni Morrison: Biography
Toni Morrison is a prolific writer whose novels about the African-American experience have received critical acclaim
National Negro Convention Movement
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
6 African-American Playwrights
African-American playwrights such as Langston Hughes, Lorraine Hansberry, August Wilson, Amari Baraka, Ntozake Shange, and Suzan Lori Parks are discussed.
When Did African-Americans Begin Playing Golf?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Since the Reconstruction
Who is Fannie Lou Hamer?
Fannie Lou Hamer was a grassroots worker in Mississippi whose fight to register local voters led to national publicity.
Who is Florence Mills?
Actress, singer and vaudeville performer Florence Mills is considered the first African-American international superstar.
Six Astounding African-American Artists of the...
Edmonia Lewis was the first African-American woman to be recognized as a sculptor.
Seven Courageous Achievements of Explorer...
Matthew Henson, along with Edwin Peary, was the first to reach the North Pole in 1909.
Who is Angela Davis?
Angela Davis is a professor and political activist often remembered for her affiliation with the Black Panther Party.
Why Did Lorraine Hansberry Write "A Raisin in...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview When
Georgia Douglas Johnson
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
The Literary Contributions of James Baldwin
James Baldwin's work as an essayist, novelist and playwright explored issues such as personal identity, racism, and sexuality.
Primary Documents for the Study of American...
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
On the Bookshelf: Six Autobiographies by...
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
Benjamin Banneker: Inventor and Astronomer
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Early Life Banneker
What are the achievements of Gwendolyn Brooks?
Gwendolyn Brooks is the first African-American to win a Pulitzer Prize in Poetry. Brooks poetry is influenced by the Great Migration and later the Black Power Movement.
On the Bookshelf: Four African-American...
Leon's Story by Leon Tillage provides readers with the struggles a young man endures while living in the segregated South.
African American History: 1970 to 1979 and the...
This month, I've decided to publish content that features events and people of the 1970s. While conducting research for African-American History Timeline: 1970
Fast Facts About the First Four Years of the...
This timeline features events related to African-American history that occurred between 1860 and 1864.
Frances Watkins Harper
Writer, educator, and abolitionist, Frances Watkins Harper spoke out against sexism and racism.
5 Important Women of the Harlem Renaissance
Jessie Redmon Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston and Regina Anderson are just a few of the women who played a significant role in the Harlem Renaissance.
How did the National Negro Business League...
The National Negro Business League was established by Booker T. Washington and Andrew Carnegie in 1900 to help black people establish businesses.
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson: First African-Amer...
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was the first woman of any race to pass the Alabama State Medical Examination. She later became the founder of Tuskegee University's Nurses' School and Hospital. She is the eldest daughter of AME bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner and sister to famed artist, Henry Ossawa Tanner.
Who are five members of the Jazz Age?
Duke Ellington's career as a composer, writer, pianist and bandleader spanned more than 50 years.
What is the Pennsylvania Abolition Society?
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.
Jessie Redmon Fauset: Harlem Renaissance Editor...
Jessie Redmon Fauset was one of the key players of the Harlem Renaissance. As literary editor of The Crisis, Fauset promoted the work of African-American writers.
The Origins of Black History Month
How did Black History Month get its start?
Henry Ossawa Tanner: A Naturalist at Heart
Henry Ossawa Tanner was the first African-American artist to achieve international acclaim.
Who is Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller?
Sculptor Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller was the first African-American woman to be commissioned by the U.S. government to create visual art.
Zora Neale Hurston: Folklorist and Novelist
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.
The National Urban League
The National Urban League (NUL) is a civil rights organization advocating for the rights of African-Americans in the United States.
Seven Black Women Who Contributed to the...
Seven African-American women and their contributions to the anti-slavery movement.
Publishers of Freedom's Journal
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > the first African-American newspaper in
On the Bookshelf: Top 5 Slave Narratives
Slave narratives allowed the world the opportunity to experience the treatment former slaves endured.
3 Notable African-American Visual Artists
 W hen Henry Ossawa Tanner first created the painting, Sand Dunes at Sunset, Atlantic City  in 1895,
What is Kwanzaa?
Kwanzaa is a celebration of African heritage that takes place from December 26 to January 1.
Legends of the Jazz Age
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Louis "Satchmo"
William Wells Brown
William Wells Brown was an abolitionist, writer and historian.
The Artistic Genius of Edmonia Lewis
Edmonia Lewis was the first African-American woman to be recognized as a sculptor.
Who helped Madam C.J. Walker start her hair...
Annie Turnbo Malone invented hair care products, is credited with giving Madam CJ Walker her start in the hair care business and opened a beauty school.
Richard Wright
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Writer
Robert Morris Sr.
Robert S. Morris Sr. was one of the first African-American lawyers in the United States.
Three Unforgettable Women of the Black Arts...
Prominent women of the Black Arts Movement

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