African-American History: Most Popular Articles
Slavery in the British colonies in North America dates to 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown.
A timeline of major events in the Civil Rights Movement between 1960 and 1964.
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
The Abolition Movement of the 1830s was filled with action. From the publication of Garrison's
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
Before Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, he represented African-Americans in landmark cases overturning segregation
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
This timeline highlights important events and people in the 1950s.
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
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SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
Jessie Redmon Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston and Regina Anderson are just a few of the women who played a significant role in the Harlem Renaissance.
Eubie Blake was a prominent musician, composer and performer during the Harlem Renaissance and Jazz Age.
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
The Niagara Movement was an instrumental organization that was established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Du Bois in opposition to Booker T. Washington's philosophy as an accommodation.
The Harlem Renaissance is the considered the first literary movement in the United States in which many black writers are able to explore various themes existing in African American society. This is a timeline of the major publications and events of this period.
African-American History Timeline of 1800 to 1819 documents specific acts of legislation, events and people who were prominent societal figures.
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
Charles Houston Hamilton was a civil rights attorney whose strategies for dismantling Jim Crow segregation led to the Brown v. Board of Education ruling.
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
Maggie Lena Walker was the first women in the United States to direct a bank. Throughout her career as a businesswoman, Walker worked to help African-Americans.
Go Tell it On the Mountain was James Baldwin's debut novel and was semi-autobiographical. Since then,
This month's historical timeline features events taking place between 1980 and 1989. As a result of various civil rights struggles in previous decades, it
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
The American Negro Academy promoted the work of African-American scholars in the late 19th, early 20th century.
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party.
A. Philip Randolph was important to organizing several moments in the Civil Rights Movement.
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
How did Black History Month get its start?
Joshua Johnson was the first professional African-American portrait artist in the United States.
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century AME minister and bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner and Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson, one of the first African-American women physicians in the United States.
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
Jessie Redmon Fauset was one of the key players of the Harlem Renaissance. As literary editor of The Crisis, Fauset promoted the work of African-American writers.
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history.
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
Kwanzaa is a celebration of African heritage that takes place from December 26 to January 1.
Arna Bontemps was a poet and novelist of the Harlem Renaissance. Yet, it was his work as a curator who archived African-American literature and culture that makes him most notable.
David Walker wrote David Walker's Appeal in 1829
Angela Davis is an African American political activist, philosopher, and retired professor. Davis was a leader of the Communist Party USA and, though never an
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
Autobiographies, Memoirs, and Biographies written on African-American figures for children
Like Jessie Redmon Fauset, Alain Leroy Locke worked diligently to promote the literary and artistic work of African-Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.
Poets such as Countee Cullen, Arna Bontemps, Sterling Brown, Claude McKay and Langston Hughes all made significant contributions to the Harlem Renaissance.
Countee Cullen was a prominent literary figure of the Harlem Renaissance.
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
Granville T. Woods is known for developing several inventions such as the multiplex telegraph, egg incubator, and power pickup device.
the 15th Amendment is ratified on feb 3, 1870
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799
A list of five Harlem Renaissance playwrights
William Wells Brown was an abolitionist, writer and historian.
Daniel Hale Williams was a groundbreaking physician who performed the first successful open heart surgery in the world. He also co-founded Provident Hospital and the NMA
Key events in the decade of 1870.
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was the first African-American woman to receive a PhD in the United States.
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was the first woman of any race to pass the Alabama State Medical Examination. She later became the founder of Tuskegee University's Nurses' School and Hospital. She is the eldest daughter of AME bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner and sister to famed artist, Henry Ossawa Tanner.
Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller traveled to Paris in 1899 to study with Raphaël Collin. While studying with Collin, Fuller was mentored by painter Henry Ossawa Tanner.
Blog post about the North American Black Historical Museum
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
Maya Angelou is remembered for her courage as an African-American women writer.
James Baldwin's work as an essayist, novelist and playwright explored issues such as personal identity, racism, and sexuality.
Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
John Mercer Langston was not only the first African-American to serve in Congress, he was also an abolitionist, educator and fighter for racial unity as well as equality.
Fannie Lou Hamer was a grassroots worker in Mississippi whose fight to register local voters led to national publicity.
Image of MLK as the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church
Writer, educator, and abolitionist, Frances Watkins Harper spoke out against sexism and racism.
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CORE played an important role in galvanizing young adults to help African-Americans in the South fight against racial discrimination.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview William
Macon Bolling Allen was the first African-American licensed attorney and judge in the United States.
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.
Alice Dunbar-Nelson worked as a poet, journalist and political activist during the Progressive Era and Harlem Renaissance.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Writer
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.
African-American blues singers in the 1920s
A timeline of hip hop culture tracing the beginning of the movement in the 1970s through the 1990s.
The Lincoln Film Company was the first African-American film company in the United States.
Robert S. Morris Sr. was one of the first African-American lawyers in the United States.
Medgar Evers work as a civil rights activist in Mississippi helped end segregation at the University of Mississippi.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Today
Alvin Ailey, founder of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theatre, popularized modern dance.
Henry Ossawa Tanner was the first African-American artist to achieve international acclaim.
Edmonia Lewis was the first African-American woman to be recognized as a sculptor.
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Abolitionist and suffragette Mary Ann Shadd Cary advocated for self-reliance and education for African-Americans.
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Toni Morrison is a prolific writer whose novels about the African-American experience have received critical acclaim
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Abolitionists used various tactics to help enslaved African-Americans gain freedom. Three notable African-American abolitionists are listed.
Eight African-Americans elected or appointed to the United States Senate.
Abyssinian Baptist Church. African-American History.
Slave narratives allowed the world the opportunity to experience the treatment former slaves endured.