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African-American History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
3 Major Ways Slaves Showed Resistance to Slavery
Slaves in the United States showed resistance to the oppressive system of slavery by organizing rebellions and running away from their masters.
Civil Rights Movement Timeline From 1951 to 1959
This civil rights movement timeline covers the start of the racial equality fight, such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott and Martin Luther King's rise.
When Did Slavery Start in North America?
When did slavery start in North America isn't easy to answer. Africans arrived in Virginia in 1619, working as indentured servants and then as slaves.
A Timeline of 1964 and 1963 Civil Rights...
This civil rights movement timeline covers the struggle's second phase in which nonviolent action was put to the test during the early 1960s.
How African-Americans Championed for Change in...
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
The Civil Rights Act of 1968 and Other Key...
This civil rights movement timeline covers the struggle's final years, including the rise of black power, the Voting Rights Act and urban riots.
What did African-Americans Achieve in the 1950s?
African-American historical events that occurred between 1950 and 1959.
12 Achievements of the NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
The Unforgettable Jim Crow Era
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
Why is Rosa Parks Considered the Mother of the...
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
What Really Happened at the Stono Rebellion
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America. This profile of the rebellion outlines its causes, significance and aftermath.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Did Not End the...
The fight for racial equality did not end after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was enacted, but the law allowed activists to meet their major goals.
Why Nat Turner's Rebellion Made White...
Nat Turner's rebellion in 1831 became one of the most memorable slave uprisings in U.S. history. It also challenged the idea that slaves were content.
Enslavement Timeline 1619 to 1696
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
What Were the Causes of the Great Migration of...
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
Major Highlights, Speeches and Writings of the...
Get acquainted with the civil rights movement with this overview of the major highlights, speeches and writings that shaped the era and modern race relations.
30 Highlights in African-American History...
How did African-Americans defy Jim Crow Era laws and the Great Depression in the 1930s?
3 Causes of the Red Summer of 1919
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
How did African-American fight racial injustice...
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
How did Harriet Tubman find the courage to lead...
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 - 1799
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
What are the key events for the abolition...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The abolition
37 Outstanding Achievements in the 1940s
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
Why was the anti-lynching movement important?
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
How Emmett Till's Death and Open Casket Spurred...
The Emmett Till story shocked the nation and propelled civil rights activists to take action over the black teen's racially motivated killing.
24 Astounding Events of the 1850s
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
What were the events leading up to the Brown v....
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview In 1954,
Four Top Civil Rights Speeches and Writings
The civil rights speeches given by Martin Luther King, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson highlight their thoughts on the fight for racial equality.
Look into the Life and Legacy of Martin Luther...
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
How Executive Order 9981 Desegregated the U.S....
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 in 1948, ending segregation in the U.S. military and paving the way for the civil rights movement.
37 Events of the 1970s
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
Was the Niagara Movement an Innovative...
The Niagara Movement was an organization established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and scholar W.E.B. Du Bois to fight racial injustice
How Did Abolitionists Fight Against Injustice...
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
African-American History Timeline: 1965 to 1969
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
How Does Kwanzaa Honor African-American Heritage?
Kwanzaa is an annual celebration of African heritage taking place from December 26 to January 1.
What You Should Know About the Emancipation...
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
3 Philosophies of the Abolition Movement
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
Four Initiatives Developed by W.E.B. Du Bois
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
Four Accomplishments of William Monroe Trotter
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
What is the Black Panther Party?
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party.
How did Ida B. Wells Launch the Anti-Lynching...
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
What happened at the March on Washington?
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
A Marcus Garvey Biography That Defines His...
This Marcus Garvey biography defines the radical views he popularized after founding the UNIA and urging blacks to embrace their African heritage.
How did the abolition movement grow in the...
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
21 Literary Achievements of the Harlem...
This timeline highlights significant literary works published during the Harlem Renaissance, a period lasting from 1917 to 1937.
47 Incredible Events in African-American...
Important events and people from 1820 to 1839.
What are the accomplishments of Ella Baker?
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
How Crispus Attucks Became a Hero During the...
Who was Crispus Attucks? This biography of the slave-turned-sailor reveals how he became the first person to die in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
Why is Dred Scott's Case Significant?
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history. Dred Scott, an enslaved man, unsuccessfully fought for his and his wife's freedom.
African-American History Moments: 1980 to 1989
A timeline of African-American history from 1980 to 1989
What did African-American achieve between 1900...
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
Who is the Father of the Underground Railroad?
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
How did the National Negro Convention Movement...
The National Negro Convention Movement allowed freedmen to meet on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement.
How Martin Luther King Day Became a Federal...
Martin Luther King Day became a federal holiday due to the efforts of the civil rights leader's supporters who worked tirelessly to have him honored.
How did Booker T. Washington Become an...
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
What five cities played an important role in...
What five cities played an important role in the Abolition Movement?
Where did writers of the Harlem Renaissance...
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
Why was the AME Church established?
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
Fourteenth Amendment
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
Who are five members of the Jazz Age?
Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Eubie Blake, James P. Johnson and Fletcher Henderson are all considered legends in jazz music.
NACW: Fighting for Social Justice During the...
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
5 Contributions SNCC Made to the Civil Rights...
SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
Who are the Scottsboro Boys?
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
26 Events That Happened After the Civil War
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
6 Astounding Accomplishments of Mary Church...
Mary Church Terrell was a lifelong fighter against the disenfranchisement of African-Americans and women.
35 Moments of the Roaring 20s
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
Fast Facts About the First Four Years of the...
This timeline features events related to African-American history that occurred between 1860 and 1864.
1 Success of the Freedmen's Bureau
The Freedmen's Bureau was established to help former enslaved African-Americans with housing, educational and employment opportunities. Despite its work, the agency faced a number of problems ranging from funding and lack of support.
What impact did Gabriel Prosser's Plot have on...
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
Members of the Black Panther Party
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
How the Definition of African-American History...
The definition of African-American history has evolved. This overview shows how historians have classified the field in the past and do so today.
How did Black History Month begin?
How did Black History Month get its start?
Biography of Black Historian Carter G. Woodson
This biography of historian Carter G. Woodson details how he created black studies and founded Negro History Week, today known as Black History Month.
African-American Events from 1980 to 1989
This month's historical timeline features events taking place between 1980 and 1989. As a result of various civil rights struggles in previous decades, it
Seven Black Women Who Contributed to the...
Seven African-American women and their contributions to the anti-slavery movement.
How did the Montgomery Bus Boycott impact the...
Why did the Montgomery Bus Boycott begin? How long did it last? What impact did the boycott have on the Jim Crow Era?
What is Juneteenth and What Does it Commemorate?
What is Juneteenth and what does the holiday commemorate? Get the facts with this profile of the event and its importance in black history.
Timeline: 1890 to 1899
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
African-American History Timeline: 1960 to 1964
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
Why is Paul Laurence Dunbar Considered the...
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
The Achievements of Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
Frances Watkins Harper
Writer, educator, and abolitionist, Frances Watkins Harper spoke out against sexism and racism.
The Amazing Achievement of Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou was a prominent memorist and poet whose work encouraged Americans of all walks of life.
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
What caused the Tulsa Race Riot?
The Tulsa Race Riot was a 16-hour racially motivated conflict that occurred in 1921. In its aftermath, 800 Tulsans were injured, 300 blacks killed and the Negro Wall Street was destroyed.
Why was James Forten considered an influential...
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
How did abolitionists use Black newspapers to...
How did abolitionists use African-American newspapers to fight against slavery?
William Wells Brown
William Wells Brown was an abolitionist, writer and historian.
Eight Achievements of Malcolm X
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
Three Powerful Black Newspapers During the Jim...
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
4 Important Men and Women of the Progressive Era
Men and women of the Progressive Era.
What is the Pennsylvania Abolition Society?
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.
5 Leaders of the Harlem Renaissance
W.E.B. Du Bois helped establish the Harlem Renaissance period through his leadership with the NAACP and the Crisis.
How did Maggie Lena Walker create wealth during...
Maggie Lena Walker was the first woman in the United States to establish and run a bank. Walker's work as an activist is also well noted.
11 Amazing Achievements by African-Americans in...
Who was the first African-American to publish a collection of poetry? What two men founded the Free African Society? Who was the first settler in Chicago?
Why is Claude McKay Considered a Proletariat...
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
How did the American Negro Academy Oppose...
The American Negro Academy promoted the work of African-American scholars in the late 19th and early 20th century.
African-American History Timeline: 1880 to 1889
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.
How did the National Negro Business League...
The National Negro Business League was established by Booker T. Washington and Andrew Carnegie in 1900 to help black people establish businesses.
How did Arturo Schomburg preserve African-Ameri...
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
Why is James Weldon Johnson considered a...
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
How Slavery Documents Offer a Direct Look at...
Want to learn about slavery from those who lived through it? This roundup of slavery documents, memoirs and narratives is a great way to start.
Civil Rights Hero Thurgood Marshall
Before Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, he represented African-Americans in landmark cases overturning segregation
Abyssinian Baptist Church
Abyssinian Baptist Church. African-American History.
How did Hip Hop Culture Begin?
A timeline of hip hop culture tracing the beginning of the movement in the 1970s through the 1990s.
5 Men of the Harlem Renaissance
Poets such as Countee Cullen, Arna Bontemps, Sterling Brown, Claude McKay and Langston Hughes all made significant contributions to the Harlem Renaissance.
David Walker
David Walker wrote David Walker's Appeal in 1829
On the Bookshelf: Six Autobiographies by...
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
How did Harry Pace help African-American...
In 1921 Harry Pace established Black Swan Records, the first African-American owned recording company.
What is the oldest black college in the United...
What was the first historically black college to be established in the United States? What organizations helped establish schools for African-Americans?
Four Organizations of the Civil Rights Movement
Four prominent civil rights organizations that helped to end segregation and Jim Crow Era laws.
Four Pan African Leaders
What is Pan Africanism? What African-American figures were believers in this ideology?
Seven Contributions Lugenia Burns Hope Made to...
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
Timeline: 1870 to 1879
Key events in the decade of 1870.
Nine Unforgettable Facts about "The Rebel" Mary...
Abolitionist and suffragette Mary Ann Shadd Cary advocated for self-reliance and education for African-Americans.
Five Unforgettable Slave Rebellions
The Stono Rebellion, Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion Plot, German Coast Uprising (Andry's Rebellion) and Nat Turner's Rebellion are all examples ways that enslaved and freed African-American rebelled against oppression.
Five Blues Singin Women
In 1920, Mamie Smith sang “Crazy Blues,” and made musical history--the song is considered the first blues
Who is Mr. Bojangles?
Bill Bojangles Robinson's career spanned vaudeville, the Broadway stage and film.
6 Memorable Photos of MLK and the Civil Rights...
Martin Luther King Jr., became the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in 1954.
Prominent Men of the Civil Rights Movement
A. Philip Randolph was important to organizing several moments in the Civil Rights Movement.
Seven Courageous Achievements of Explorer...
Matthew Henson, along with Edwin Peary, was the first to reach the North Pole in 1909.
How did Alain Leroy Locke Advocate for Harlem...
Like Jessie Redmon Fauset, Alain Leroy Locke worked diligently to promote the literary and artistic work of African-Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.
3 National Civil Rights Campaigns Initiated by...
CORE played an important role in galvanizing young adults to help African-Americans in the South fight against racial discrimination.
What inspired John Lewis to Join the Civil...
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Richard Allen
Richard Allen established the AME Church and was an abolitionist and social activist.
Jessie Redmon Fauset: Harlem Renaissance Editor...
Jessie Redmon Fauset was one of the key players of the Harlem Renaissance. As literary editor of The Crisis, Fauset promoted the work of African-American writers.
Four Achievements of Legal Advocate Sadie...
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was the first African-American woman to receive a PhD in the United States.
How did Black Newspapers fight racial injustice...
How did African-American newspapers serve as vehicles for change during the Jim Crow Era?
5 African-American Organizations Established...
Five organizations established during the Progessive Era with the purpose of helping African-American achieve social equality.
Publishers of Freedom's Journal
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > the first African-American newspaper in
What Is Environmental Justice?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >During the 1980s,
Three Widows of the Civil Rights Movement
As widows of the most prominent men of the Civil Rights Movement, Coretta Scott King, Myrlie Evers Williams and Bettye Shabazz continued to fight against injustice following their husbands' deaths.
Why is Thomas Dorsey Known as the "Father of...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" > Overview Gospel
How did the African-American press become a...
Why did African-Americans begin publishing their own newspapers? When did this occur? Why did publishing news throughout the United States become so important to African-Americans?
Who Killed Jim Crow?
Charles Houston Hamilton was a civil rights attorney whose strategies for dismantling Jim Crow segregation led to the Brown v. Board of Education ruling.
Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
Who are the pioneers of Black Nationalist...
Early Black Nationalists included Paul Cuffee, Martin Delany and Henry McNeal Turner. These men all envisioned a better world for African-Americans outside of the United States.
The Artistic Genius of Edmonia Lewis
Edmonia Lewis was the first African-American woman to be recognized as a sculptor.
Asa Philip Randolph: Civil Rights Movement...
Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Five Achievements of Martin Delany: Father of...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" > Overview Known
4 Children's Books That Teach African-American...
Ready to introduce your young reader to a biography or memoir of an African-American historical figure? This list is a great start!
Lincoln Film Company
The Lincoln Film Company was the first African-American film company in the United States.
Why was the National Council of Negro Women...
The National Council of Negro Women was established by Mary McLeod Bethune to unite African-American women's groups and improve race relations in the United States.
Why was visual artistry important during the...
Augusta Savage was a sculptor who was active during the Harlem Renaissance and later established the Harlem Community Art Center for young artists.
How did Arthur Ashe become a world-class tennis...
Not only was Arthur Ashe a tennis player that broke racial barriers, but he used his position to shed light on several humanitarian issues.
What inventor is known as "Black Edison"?
Granville T. Woods is known for developing several inventions such as the multiplex telegraph, egg incubator, and power pickup device.
How did black newspapers fight against the Jim...
Why did Black newspaper publishers fight against Jim Crow Era laws and racial injustice?
Three Unforgettable Women of the Black Arts...
Prominent women of the Black Arts Movement
How did Scott Joplin become the King of Ragtime?
Known as the King of Ragtime, Scott Joplin is considered one of the greatest composer of the 20th Century.

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