African-American History: Most Popular Articles
Slavery in the British colonies in North America dates to 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown.
A timeline of major events in the Civil Rights Movement between 1960 and 1964.
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
Seven African-American women and their contributions to the anti-slavery movement.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
The Abolition Movement of the 1830s was filled with action. From the publication of Garrison's
Maggie Lena Walker was the first women in the United States to direct a bank. Throughout her career as a businesswoman, Walker worked to help African-Americans.
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
The Harlem Renaissance is the considered the first literary movement in the United States in which many black writers are able to explore various themes existing in African American society. This is a timeline of the major publications and events of this period.
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century AME minister and bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner and Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson, one of the first African-American women physicians in the United States.
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
This timeline highlights important events and people in the 1950s.
How did Black History Month get its start?
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
Kwanzaa is a celebration of African heritage that takes place from December 26 to January 1.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.
SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
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Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
The Niagara Movement was an instrumental organization that was established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Du Bois in opposition to Booker T. Washington's philosophy as an accommodation.
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
James Baldwin's work as an essayist, novelist and playwright explored issues such as personal identity, racism, and sexuality.
Countee Cullen was a prominent literary figure of the Harlem Renaissance.
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Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Robert S. Morris Sr. was one of the first African-American lawyers in the United States.
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
The Lincoln Film Company was the first African-American film company in the United States.
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was the first African-American woman to receive a PhD in the United States.
Fannie Lou Hamer was a grassroots worker in Mississippi whose fight to register local voters led to national publicity.
Macon Bolling Allen was the first African-American licensed attorney and judge in the United States.
Abyssinian Baptist Church. African-American History.
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
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Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history.
The American Negro Academy promoted the work of African-American scholars in the late 19th, early 20th century.
Henry Ossawa Tanner was the first African-American artist to achieve international acclaim.
This timeline features events related to African-American history that occurred between 1860 and 1864.
Slave narratives allowed the world the opportunity to experience the treatment former slaves endured.
Writer, educator, and abolitionist, Frances Watkins Harper spoke out against sexism and racism.
Toni Morrison is a prolific writer whose novels about the African-American experience have received critical acclaim
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
Key events in the decade of 1870.
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
Duke Ellington's career as a composer, writer, pianist and bandleader spanned more than 50 years.
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Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
MLK with members of SNCC, the radical youth-led civil rights organization. Page 3.
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
Prominent contributions by men of the Black Arts Movement
This article highlights four texts exploring African-American history and culture from enslavement to freedom.
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was the first woman of any race to pass the Alabama State Medical Examination. She later became the founder of Tuskegee University's Nurses' School and Hospital. She is the eldest daughter of AME bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner and sister to famed artist, Henry Ossawa Tanner.
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.
Abolitionist and suffragette Mary Ann Shadd Cary advocated for self-reliance and education for African-Americans.
The African-American press was an integral part of resisting discrimination, racism and oppression in American society
The text of the Fifteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, which guaranteed the right to vote to African Americans.
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
A timeline of African-American history from 1980 to 1989
Edmonia Lewis was the first African-American woman to be recognized as a sculptor.
Nannie Helen Burroughs was a prominent member of the NACW and established the National Training School for Women and Girls
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
Writer Lydia Maria Child's work as an abolitionist included campaigning for women to have membership in non gender specific antislavery societies.
Richard Allen established the AME Church and was an abolitionist and social activist.
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Medgar Evers work as a civil rights activist in Mississippi helped end segregation at the University of Mississippi.
Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance explored themes such as racism, lynching and heritage in their theatrical productions.
The National Urban League (NUL) is a civil rights organization advocating for the rights of African-Americans in the United States.
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
John Mercer Langston was not only the first African-American to serve in Congress, he was also an abolitionist, educator and fighter for racial unity as well as equality.
Like Jessie Redmon Fauset, Alain Leroy Locke worked diligently to promote the literary and artistic work of African-Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.
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Poet and activist Nikki Giovanni a distinguished professor at Virginia Tech University.
Prominent women of the Black Arts Movement
CORE played an important role in galvanizing young adults to help African-Americans in the South fight against racial discrimination.
Angela Davis is a professor and political activist often remembered for her affiliation with the Black Panther Party.
Alvin Ailey, founder of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theatre, popularized modern dance.
Alice Dunbar-Nelson worked as a poet, journalist and political activist during the Progressive Era and Harlem Renaissance.
David Walker wrote David Walker's Appeal in 1829
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Martin Luther King Jr.'s career began in 1955 with the Montgomery Bus Boycott. For the next 13 years, he'd work to end legal and social discrimination. Page 2.
Eight African-Americans elected or appointed to the United States Senate.
A timeline of hip hop culture tracing the beginning of the movement in the 1970s through the 1990s.
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Oscar Micheaux was the first African-American to produce a full-length feature film.
When Patrick Reason was thirteen years old, he surprised school administrators at the African Free School
In 1920, Mamie Smith sang âCrazy Blues,â and musical history--the song is considered the first blues
Arna Bontemps was a poet and novelist of the Harlem Renaissance. Yet, it was his work as a curator who archived African-American literature and culture that makes him most notable.
George Moses Horton is the first African-American in the South to publish a book. Page 4.
Mary Church Terrell was a lifelong fighter against the disenfranchisement of African-Americans and women.
Leon's Story by Leon Tillage provides readers with the struggles a young man endures while living in the segregated South.