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African-American History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
Who are five members of the Jazz Age?
Duke Ellington's career as a composer, writer, pianist and bandleader spanned more than 50 years.
Important Dates of the Civil Rights Movement...
A timeline of major events in the Civil Rights Movement between 1960 and 1964.
When Did Slavery Begin in North America?
Slavery in the British colonies in North America dates to 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown.
3 Major Ways Some Slaves Resisted Slavery
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
Guide to the Civil Rights Movement of the '50s...
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
How African-Americans Championed for Change in...
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
Why Nat Turner's Rebellion Made White...
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
What Really Happened at the Stono Rebellion
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
What Was the Impact of the Civil Rights Act of...
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
3 Causes of the Red Summer of 1919
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
Why Emmett Till's Death Played a Pivotal Role...
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
What You Should Know About the Emancipation...
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
Look into the Life and Legacy of Martin Luther...
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
4 Top Texts of the Civil Rights Movement
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
What Were the Causes of the Great Migration of...
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
12 Achievements of the NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
A Biography of Harriet Tubman
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
What are the key events for the abolition...
The Abolition Movement of the 1830s was filled with action. From the publication of Garrison's
When Did the Desegregation of the Military Take...
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
Learn About the Life of Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
The Unforgettable Jim Crow Era
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
How Crispus Attucks Became a Hero During the...
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
What is Kwanzaa?
Kwanzaa is a celebration of African heritage that takes place from December 26 to January 1.
What is African-American History?
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
African-American History Timeline: 1940 to 1949
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
Four Initiatives Developed by W.E.B. Du Bois
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
Timeline: 1930 to 1939
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
3 Philosophies of the Abolition Movement
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
What happened to Dred Scott?
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history.
African-American History Timeline: 1950 to 1959
This timeline highlights important events and people in the 1950s.
Anti-Lynching Movement
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
NACW: Fighting for Social Justice During the...
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
Five Blues Singin Women
In 1920, Mamie Smith sang “Crazy Blues,” and musical history--the song is considered the first blues
Who is the Father of the Underground Railroad?
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
21 Literary Achievements of the Harlem...
The Harlem Renaissance is the considered the first literary movement in the United States in which many black writers are able to explore various themes existing in African American society. This is a timeline of the major publications and events of this period.
How did the abolition movement grow in the...
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
Who are the Scottsboro Boys?
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
5 Cities of the Abolition Movement
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
Who is James Forten?
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
How Martin Luther King Day Became a Federal...
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 - 1799
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
African-American History Timeline: 1840 to 1849
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
37 Events of the 1970s
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
Paul Laurence Dunbar: Poet Laureate of the...
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
Why is the United Negro College Fund Important?
The United Negro College Fund was established in 1944 to help African-American students complete college at its member schools.
3 Expatriate Writers
James Baldwin, Richard Wright and Chester Himes were all expatriate writers who lived and published in France.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
Gabriel Prosser's Plot
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
24 Astounding Events of the 1850s
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
What is Juneteenth?
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
Who is the Father of Black Detective Fiction?
Chester Himes began his writing career while imprisoned for armed robbery and became famous for writing detective fiction based in Harlem during the 1950s.
26 Events That Happened After the Civil War
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
Claude McKay: Proletariat Poet
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
Enslavement Timeline 1619 to 1696
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
Where did writers of the Harlem Renaissance...
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
Who is Mr. Bojangles?
Bill Bojangles Robinson's career spanned vaudeville, the Broadway stage and film.
The Niagara Movement: Organizing for Social...
The Niagara Movement was an instrumental organization that was established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Du Bois in opposition to Booker T. Washington's philosophy as an accommodation.
National Negro Convention Movement
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
Thirteenth Amendment
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
What are the accomplishments of Ella Baker?
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
Timeline: 1910 to 1919
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
African-American History Timeline: 1965 to 1969
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
Booker T. Washington: Biography
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
Fourteenth Amendment
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
African-American History Timeline: 1960 to 1964
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
Three Powerful Black Newspapers During the Jim...
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
American Negro Academy: Promoting the Talented...
The American Negro Academy promoted the work of African-American scholars in the late 19th, early 20th century.
Daniel Hale Williams: Groundbreaking Surgeon
Daniel Hale Williams was a groundbreaking physician who performed the first successful open heart surgery in the world. He also co-founded Provident Hospital and the NMA
Five Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance
Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance explored themes such as racism, lynching and heritage in their theatrical productions.
Seven Contributions Lugenia Burns Hope Made to...
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
Arna Bontemps
Arna Bontemps was a poet and novelist of the Harlem Renaissance. Yet, it was his work as a curator who archived African-American literature and culture that makes him most notable.
What is the Black Panther Party?
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party.
AME Church
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
When Did African-Americans Begin Playing Golf?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Since the Reconstruction
William Monroe Trotter: An Uncompromising...
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
African-American History Timeline: 1920 - 1929
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
How did Arturo Schomburg preserve African-Ameri...
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
Who Killed Jim Crow?
Charles Houston Hamilton was a civil rights attorney whose strategies for dismantling Jim Crow segregation led to the Brown v. Board of Education ruling.
A Biography of Carter G. Woodson
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
Who is Fannie Lou Hamer?
Fannie Lou Hamer was a grassroots worker in Mississippi whose fight to register local voters led to national publicity.
Civil Rights Hero Thurgood Marshall
Before Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, he represented African-Americans in landmark cases overturning segregation
What were the events leading up to the Brown v....
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview In 1954,
Eight Achievements of Malcolm X
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
Members of the Black Panther Party
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
5 Contributions SNCC Made to the Civil Rights...
SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
5 African-American Organizations Established...
Five organizations established during the Progessive Era with the purpose of helping African-American achieve social equality.
African-American History Timeline: 1980 to 1989
This month's historical timeline features events taking place between 1980 and 1989. As a result of various civil rights struggles in previous decades, it
Why is James Weldon Johnson considered a...
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
The Origins of Black History Month
How did Black History Month get its start?
The Literary Contributions of James Baldwin
James Baldwin's work as an essayist, novelist and playwright explored issues such as personal identity, racism, and sexuality.
Who was John Baxter Taylor?
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
Zora Neale Hurston: Folklorist and Novelist
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.
4 Achievements of John Mercer Langston
John Mercer Langston was not only the first African-American to serve in Congress, he was also an abolitionist, educator and fighter for racial unity as well as equality.
Lincoln Film Company
The Lincoln Film Company was the first African-American film company in the United States.
What happened to the Negro Baseball Leagues?
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
Jessie Redmon Fauset: Harlem Renaissance Editor...
Jessie Redmon Fauset was one of the key players of the Harlem Renaissance. As literary editor of The Crisis, Fauset promoted the work of African-American writers.
Timeline: 1870 to 1879
Key events in the decade of 1870.
Prominent Men of the Civil Rights Movement
A. Philip Randolph was important to organizing several moments in the Civil Rights Movement.
Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
Asa Philip Randolph: Civil Rights Movement...
Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Maggie Lena Walker
Maggie Lena Walker was the first women in the United States to direct a bank. Throughout her career as a businesswoman, Walker worked to help African-Americans.
How did Alain Leroy Locke Advocate for Harlem...
Like Jessie Redmon Fauset, Alain Leroy Locke worked diligently to promote the literary and artistic work of African-Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.
African-American Children's Literature: Past,...
Autobiographies, Memoirs, and Biographies written on African-American figures for children
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
Who is the first African-American to be...
John Hope was an educator and civil rights advocate. He was the first African-American to serve as president of a historically black college/university.
Timleine: 1900 to 1909
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
How did the National Negro Business League...
The National Negro Business League was established by Booker T. Washington and Andrew Carnegie in 1900 to help black people establish businesses.
6 Memorable Photos of MLK and the Civil Rights...
Image of MLK as the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church
25 Interesting Events of the Early 19th Century
African-American History Timeline of 1800 to 1819 documents specific acts of legislation, events and people who were prominent societal figures.
Six Astounding African-American Artists of the...
Joshua Johnson was the first professional African-American portrait artist in the United States.
4 Women of the Civil Rights Movement
Ella Baker, Septima Clark, Fannie Lou Hamer and Rosa Parks all played important roles in the Civil Rights Movement.
A Freedom Seeker's Remarkable Second Chance at...
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
Timeline of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.
Toni Morrison: Biography
Toni Morrison is a prolific writer whose novels about the African-American experience have received critical acclaim
5 African-American Women Writers
Five African-American women writers whose work spans through colonial America through the Black Arts Movement
African-American History Timeline: 1880 to 1889
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.
Who helped Madam C.J. Walker start her hair...
Annie Turnbo Malone invented hair care products, is credited with giving Madam CJ Walker her start in the hair care business and opened a beauty school.
Richard Wright
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Writer
Henry Ossawa Tanner: A Naturalist at Heart
Henry Ossawa Tanner was the first African-American artist to achieve international acclaim.
John Lewis
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Today
Why is Countee Cullen Considered a Poetic Genius?
Countee Cullen was a prominent literary figure of the Harlem Renaissance.
How did Madam C.J. Walker become a millionaire?
Madam C.J. Walker developed a line of hair products for African-American women. She is considered the first woman to become a self-made millionaire.
Primary Documents for the Study of American...
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
Benjamin Banneker: Inventor and Astronomer
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Early Life Banneker
Legends of the Jazz Age
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Louis "Satchmo"
Fast Facts About the First Four Years of the...
This timeline features events related to African-American history that occurred between 1860 and 1864.
Who is "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement?"
Septima Poinsette Clark was an educator and civil rights activist. As director of citizenship schools help spur the Montgomery Bus Boycott and voter registration drive.
Georgia Douglas Johnson
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
7 Famous Members of the National Association of...
Journalist and suffragette Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin assisted in the formation of the NACW.
How did Scott Joplin become the King of Ragtime?
Known as the King of Ragtime, Scott Joplin is considered one of the greatest composer of the 20th Century.
Timeline: 1890 to 1899
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
African American History: 1970 to 1979 and the...
This month, I've decided to publish content that features events and people of the 1970s. While conducting research for African-American History Timeline: 1970
Three African-American Modern Dancers
Alvin Ailey, founder of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theatre, popularized modern dance.
Who is the Father of the Blues?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview William
3 Important Contributions Made by Francis Lewis...
Francis Lewis Cardozo was a clergyman, educator and the first African-American to hold political office in South Carolina.
On the Bookshelf: Six Autobiographies by...
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
Who is Henry Ossawa Tanner's father?
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century AME minister and bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner and Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson, one of the first African-American women physicians in the United States.
David Walker
David Walker wrote David Walker's Appeal in 1829
The Achievements of Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
Publishers of Freedom's Journal
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > the first African-American newspaper in
Carl Murphy: A Publisher with a Purpose
Carl Murphy's work as editor and publisher of the Baltimore Afro-American
The Artistic Genius of Edmonia Lewis
Edmonia Lewis was the first African-American woman to be recognized as a sculptor.
Abyssinian Baptist Church
Abyssinian Baptist Church. African-American History.
47 Incredible Events in African-American...
Important events and people from 1820 to 1839.
Robert Morris Sr.
Robert S. Morris Sr. was one of the first African-American lawyers in the United States.
Watch This: African-American Documentaries
Three documentaries that provide vivid footage and historical facts concerning African-American history.
Nannie Helen Burroughs surprising achievements...
Nannie Helen Burroughs was a prominent member of the NACW and established the National Training School for Women and Girls
Museum Spotlight: North American Black...
Blog post about the North American Black Historical Museum
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