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African-American History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
When Did Slavery Begin in North America?
Slavery started in the British colonies in North America 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown in Virginia.
Important Dates of the Civil Rights Movement...
The major events of the Civil Rights Movement from 1951-1959.
3 Major Ways Some Slaves Resisted Slavery
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
Guide to the Civil Rights Movement of the '50s...
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
Why Emmett Till's Death Played a Pivotal Role...
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
Why is Thomas Dorsey Known as the "Father of...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" > Overview Gospel
How African-Americans Championed for Change in...
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
What Was the Impact of the Civil Rights Act of...
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
3 Causes of the Red Summer of 1919
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
What did African-Americans achieve in the 1950s?
African-American historical events that occurred between 1950 and 1959.
What Really Happened at the Stono Rebellion
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
4 Top Texts of the Civil Rights Movement
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
Why Nat Turner's Rebellion Made White...
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
37 Outstanding Achievements in the 1940s
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
When Did the Desegregation of the Military Take...
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
12 Achievements of the NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
The Unforgettable Jim Crow Era
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
What Were the Causes of the Great Migration of...
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
Why was the anti-lynching movement important?
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
Enslavement Timeline 1619 to 1696
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
Look into the Life and Legacy of Martin Luther...
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Timeline: 1930 to 1939
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
What You Should Know About the Emancipation...
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
NACW: Fighting for Social Justice During the...
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
African-American History Timeline: 1965 to 1969
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
How Crispus Attucks Became a Hero During the...
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
7 Famous Members of the National Association of...
Journalist and suffragette Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin assisted in the formation of the NACW.
9 Amazing Achievements by African-Americans...
What was life like for African-Americans in the 18th Century?
Famous Players of the Negro Baseball Leagues
Satchel Paige, Josh Gibson, and Jackie Robinson are three of the most prolific players in the Negro Baseball Leagues.
37 Events of the 1970s
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 - 1799
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
Why was the AME Church established?
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
Learn About the Life of Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
6 Memorable Photos of MLK and the Civil Rights...
Martin Luther King Jr., became the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in 1954.
What is Juneteenth?
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
How did Harriet Tubman find the courage to lead...
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
What is the Black Panther Party?
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party.
How did "The Chicago Defender" help spur the...
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3 Philosophies of the Abolition Movement
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
Who are the pioneers of Black Nationalist...
Early Black Nationalists included Paul Cuffee, Martin Delany and Henry McNeal Turner. These men all envisioned a better world for African-Americans outside of the United States.
How did African-American fight racial injustice...
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
Paul Laurence Dunbar: Poet Laureate of the...
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
How did the abolition movement grow in the...
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
Prominent Men of the Civil Rights Movement
A. Philip Randolph was important to organizing several moments in the Civil Rights Movement.
Where did writers of the Harlem Renaissance...
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
26 Events That Happened After the Civil War
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
Who is the Father of the Underground Railroad?
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
24 Astounding Events of the 1850s
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
35 Moments of the Roaring 20s
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
The Niagara Movement: Organizing for Social...
The Niagara Movement was an instrumental organization that was established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Du Bois in opposition to Booker T. Washington's philosophy as an accommodation.
5 Cities of the Abolition Movement
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
What are the key events for the abolition...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The abolition
Who are five members of the Jazz Age?
Duke Ellington's career as a composer, writer, pianist and bandleader spanned more than 50 years.
A Biography of Carter G. Woodson
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
Four Initiatives Developed by W.E.B. Du Bois
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
African-American History Timeline: 1980 to 1989
A timeline of African-American history from 1980 to 1989
Three Powerful Black Newspapers During the Jim...
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
Why is Dred Scott's Case Significant?
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history. Dred Scott, an enslaved man, unsuccessfully fought for his and his wife's freedom.
African-American History Timeline: 1840 to 1849
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
Gabriel Prosser's Plot
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
21 Literary Achievements of the Harlem...
The Harlem Renaissance is the considered the first literary movement in the United States in which many black writers are able to explore various themes existing in African American society. This is a timeline of the major publications and events of this period.
Thirteenth Amendment
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
Booker T. Washington: Biography
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
Who are the Scottsboro Boys?
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
On the Bookshelf: Six Autobiographies by...
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
What is African-American History?
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
African-American History Timeline: 1960 to 1964
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
The Amazing Achievement of Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou was a prominent memorist and poet whose work encouraged Americans of all walks of life.
What happened to the Negro Baseball Leagues?
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
How did educator Marva Collins transform the...
Marva Collins was an educator who established a low-cost private school for young children residing in Chicago.
3 National Civil Rights Campaigns Initiated by...
CORE played an important role in galvanizing young adults to help African-Americans in the South fight against racial discrimination.
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson: First African-Amer...
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was the first woman of any race to pass the Alabama State Medical Examination. She later became the founder of Tuskegee University's Nurses' School and Hospital. She is the eldest daughter of AME bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner and sister to famed artist, Henry Ossawa Tanner.
5 Contributions SNCC Made to the Civil Rights...
SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
How did Arturo Schomburg preserve African-Ameri...
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
Three African-American Modern Dancers
While Pearl Primus and Katherine Dunham established modern dance techniques, Alvin Ailey, popularized modern dance with his company, the Alvin Ailey American Dance Company.
What happened at the March on Washington?
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
What contributions did Georgia Douglas Johnson...
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
A Freedom Seeker's Remarkable Second Chance at...
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
African-American Events from 1980 to 1989
This month's historical timeline features events taking place between 1980 and 1989. As a result of various civil rights struggles in previous decades, it
What are the accomplishments of Ella Baker?
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
Why is Claude McKay Considered a Proletariat...
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
John Lewis
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The Origins of Black History Month
How did Black History Month get its start?
Members of the Black Panther Party
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
5 Memorable Jazz Singers
During the 1950s, Dinah Washington was “the most popular black female recording artist” recording popular
Maggie Lena Walker
Maggie Lena Walker was the first women in the United States to direct a bank. Throughout her career as a businesswoman, Walker worked to help African-Americans.
Five African-American Male Writers
Five African-American male writers who reveal importance of themes such as alienation, unity and racial pride in their work.
Watch This: African-American Documentaries
Three documentaries that provide vivid footage and historical facts concerning African-American history.
How Martin Luther King Day Became a Federal...
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
Four Achievements of Legal Advocate Sadie...
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was the first African-American woman to receive a PhD in the United States.
Why is James Weldon Johnson considered a...
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
Four Accomplishments of William Monroe Trotter
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
Timeline: 1870 to 1879
Key events in the decade of 1870.
What is Kwanzaa?
Kwanzaa is a celebration of African heritage that takes place from December 26 to January 1.
Fast Facts About the First Four Years of the...
This timeline features events related to African-American history that occurred between 1860 and 1864.
Who was John Baxter Taylor?
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
Primary Documents for the Study of American...
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
National Negro Convention Movement
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
What are the accomplishments of Alice Walker?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Alice
Asa Philip Randolph: Civil Rights Movement...
Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Why Did Ralph Ellison Only Publish One Novel?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Writer
4 Achievements of John Mercer Langston
John Mercer Langston was not only the first African-American to serve in Congress, he was also an abolitionist, educator and fighter for racial unity as well as equality.
Fourteenth Amendment
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
On the Bookshelf: Top 5 Slave Narratives
Slave narratives allowed the world the opportunity to experience the treatment former slaves endured.
The Artistic Genius of Edmonia Lewis
Edmonia Lewis was the first African-American woman to be recognized as a sculptor.
5 Important Women of the Harlem Renaissance
Jessie Redmon Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston and Regina Anderson are just a few of the women who played a significant role in the Harlem Renaissance.
Six Astounding African-American Artists of the...
Joshua Johnson was the first professional African-American portrait artist in the United States.
Fifteenth Amendment
The text of the Fifteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, which guaranteed the right to vote to African Americans.
Seven Contributions Lugenia Burns Hope Made to...
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
Zora Neale Hurston: Folklorist and Novelist
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.
What are the achievements of Gwendolyn Brooks?
Gwendolyn Brooks is the first African-American to win a Pulitzer Prize in Poetry. Brooks poetry is influenced by the Great Migration and later the Black Power Movement.
William Wells Brown
William Wells Brown was an abolitionist, writer and historian.
The Achievements of Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
How did the Black Theater Movement begin?
The Black Theater Movement began in 1816 when William Brown established the African Company and troupes such as the Negro Ensemble Company continue the movement today.
Arna Bontemps
Arna Bontemps was a poet and novelist of the Harlem Renaissance. Yet, it was his work as a curator who archived African-American literature and culture that makes him most notable.
Five Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance
Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance explored themes such as racism, lynching and heritage in their theatrical productions.
Three Unforgettable Women of the Black Arts...
Prominent women of the Black Arts Movement
How did Medgar Evers participate in the Civil...
Medgar Evers work as a civil rights activist in Mississippi helped end segregation at the University of Mississippi.
When Did African-Americans Begin Playing Golf?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Since the Reconstruction
Who is James Forten?
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
Who are four African-American lawyers who...
Macon Bolling Allen was the first African-American to be granted a license to practice law in the United States.
African-American History Timeline: 1880 to 1889
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.
Five "firsts" of William Grant Still
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview William
African-American Musical Pioneers
W.C. Handy, Scott Joplin and Thomas Dorsey are all considered musical pioneers for their ability to take chances and create new sounds.
Five Blues Singin Women
In 1920, Mamie Smith sang “Crazy Blues,” and made musical history--the song is considered the first blues
Timeline: 1890 to 1899
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
How did Arthur Ashe become a world-class tennis...
Not only was Arthur Ashe a tennis player that broke racial barriers, but he used his position to shed light on several humanitarian issues.
Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
Who Killed Jim Crow?
Charles Houston Hamilton was a civil rights attorney whose strategies for dismantling Jim Crow segregation led to the Brown v. Board of Education ruling.
Why was visual artistry important during the...
Augusta Savage was a sculptor who was active during the Harlem Renaissance and later established the Harlem Community Art Center for young artists.
What did African-American achieve between 1900...
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
47 Incredible Events in African-American...
Important events and people from 1820 to 1839.
Who are pioneering DJs of hip hop music?
DJ Kool Herc is credited with throwing the first hip hop party in 1973 in the Bronx.
Why is Alice Dunbar-Nelson a 'Renaissance Woman?'
Alice Dunbar-Nelson worked as a poet, journalist and political activist during the Progressive Era and Harlem Renaissance.
Who are the Fisk Jubilee Singers?
The Fisk Jubilee Singers were established in 1871 to raise money for Fisk University.
Why was the National Council of Negro Women...
The National Council of Negro Women was established by Mary McLeod Bethune to unite African-American women's groups and improve race relations in the United States.
Jacob Lawrence: Visual Chronicler of the...
Jacob Lawrence depict African-American historical figures and events in visual narrative series.
Eight Achievements of Malcolm X
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
3 Black Businesswomen Everyone Should Know
Three African-American women were noted for their entreprenurial endeavors during the Jim Crow Era. Maggie Lena Walker, Madam CJ Walker and Annie Turnbo Malone.
4 Important Men and Women of the Progressive Era
Men and women of the Progressive Era.
3 Notable African-American Visual Artists
 W hen Henry Ossawa Tanner first created the painting, Sand Dunes at Sunset, Atlantic City  in 1895,
Who helped Madam C.J. Walker start her hair...
Annie Turnbo Malone invented hair care products, is credited with giving Madam CJ Walker her start in the hair care business and opened a beauty school.
Who is Nikki Giovanni?
Poet and activist Nikki Giovanni a distinguished professor at Virginia Tech University.
3 Expatriate Writers
James Baldwin, Richard Wright and Chester Himes were all expatriate writers who lived and published in France.
1 Success of the Freedmen's Bureau
The Freedmen's Bureau was established to help former enslaved African-Americans with housing, educational and employment opportunities. Despite its work, the agency faced a number of problems ranging from funding and lack of support.
4 Books that Teach African-American History
This article highlights four texts exploring African-American history and culture from enslavement to freedom.

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