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African-American History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
Important Dates of the Civil Rights Movement...
A timeline of major events in the Civil Rights Movement between 1960 and 1964.
When Did Slavery Begin in North America?
Slavery in the British colonies in North America dates to 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown.
3 Major Ways Some Slaves Resisted Slavery
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
Why Nat Turner's Rebellion Made White...
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
How African-Americans Championed for Change in...
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
Guide to the Civil Rights Movement of the '50s...
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
What Was the Impact of the Civil Rights Act of...
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
What Really Happened at the Stono Rebellion
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
Daniel Hale Williams: Groundbreaking Surgeon
Daniel Hale Williams was a groundbreaking physician who performed the first successful open heart surgery in the world. He also co-founded Provident Hospital and the NMA
Look into the Life and Legacy of Martin Luther...
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Why Emmett Till's Death Played a Pivotal Role...
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
12 Achievements of the NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
What You Should Know About the Emancipation...
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
4 Top Texts of the Civil Rights Movement
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
When Did the Desegregation of the Military Take...
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
What Were the Causes of the Great Migration of...
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
A Biography of Harriet Tubman
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
What are the key events for the abolition...
The Abolition Movement of the 1830s was filled with action. From the publication of Garrison's
3 Causes of the Red Summer of 1919
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
Learn About the Life of Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
What is African-American History?
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
How Crispus Attucks Became a Hero During the...
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
Timeline: 1930 to 1939
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
African-American History Timeline: 1940 to 1949
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
NACW: Fighting for Social Justice During the...
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
3 Philosophies of the Abolition Movement
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
Who is the Father of the Blues?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview William
The Unforgettable Jim Crow Era
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
How did the abolition movement grow in the...
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
Who are the Scottsboro Boys?
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
African-American History Timeline: 1950 to 1959
This timeline highlights important events and people in the 1950s.
5 Cities of the Abolition Movement
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
Four Initiatives Developed by W.E.B. Du Bois
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
Civil Rights Hero Thurgood Marshall
Before Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, he represented African-Americans in landmark cases overturning segregation
Anti-Lynching Movement
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
Who is the Father of the Underground Railroad?
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
5 African-American Women Writers
Five African-American women writers whose work spans through colonial America through the Black Arts Movement
24 Astounding Events of the 1850s
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
How Martin Luther King Day Became a Federal...
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
Enslavement Timeline 1619 to 1696
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
21 Literary Achievements of the Harlem...
The Harlem Renaissance is the considered the first literary movement in the United States in which many black writers are able to explore various themes existing in African American society. This is a timeline of the major publications and events of this period.
What happened to Dred Scott?
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history.
African-American History Timeline: 1840 to 1849
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
Gabriel Prosser's Plot
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
5 African-American Organizations Established...
Five organizations established during the Progessive Era with the purpose of helping African-American achieve social equality.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
Where did writers of the Harlem Renaissance...
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
37 Events of the 1970s
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
Members of the Black Panther Party
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
African-American History Timeline: 1965 to 1969
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
William Monroe Trotter: An Uncompromising...
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
4 Women of the Civil Rights Movement
Ella Baker, Septima Clark, Fannie Lou Hamer and Rosa Parks all played important roles in the Civil Rights Movement.
Timeline: 1910 to 1919
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
Who is James Forten?
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
Who Killed Jim Crow?
Charles Houston Hamilton was a civil rights attorney whose strategies for dismantling Jim Crow segregation led to the Brown v. Board of Education ruling.
Who was John Baxter Taylor?
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
Paul Laurence Dunbar: Poet Laureate of the...
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
African-American History Timeline: 1980 to 1989
This month's historical timeline features events taking place between 1980 and 1989. As a result of various civil rights struggles in previous decades, it
What were the events leading up to the Brown v....
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview In 1954,
Booker T. Washington: Biography
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
Thirteenth Amendment
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
Claude McKay: Proletariat Poet
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
What is Juneteenth?
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
26 Events That Happened After the Civil War
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 - 1799
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
African-American History Timeline: 1920 - 1929
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
AME Church
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
How did Madam C.J. Walker become a millionaire?
Madam C.J. Walker developed a line of hair products for African-American women. She is considered the first woman to become a self-made millionaire.
National Negro Convention Movement
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
The Niagara Movement: Organizing for Social...
The Niagara Movement was an instrumental organization that was established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Du Bois in opposition to Booker T. Washington's philosophy as an accommodation.
Three Powerful Black Newspapers During the Jim...
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
Why is James Weldon Johnson considered a...
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
Fourteenth Amendment
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
5 Contributions SNCC Made to the Civil Rights...
SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
Arna Bontemps
Arna Bontemps was a poet and novelist of the Harlem Renaissance. Yet, it was his work as a curator who archived African-American literature and culture that makes him most notable.
Countee Cullen
Countee Cullen was a prominent literary figure of the Harlem Renaissance.
What is Kwanzaa?
Kwanzaa is a celebration of African heritage that takes place from December 26 to January 1.
Why was Paul Robeson blacklisted from the...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Paul
What is the Black Panther Party?
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party.
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
What happened to the Negro Baseball Leagues?
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
African-American History Timeline: 1960 to 1964
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
African-American Children's Literature: Past,...
Autobiographies, Memoirs, and Biographies written on African-American figures for children
How did Scott Joplin become the King of Ragtime?
Known as the King of Ragtime, Scott Joplin is considered one of the greatest composer of the 20th Century.
Who are five early African-American Poets?
When Lucy Terry Prince died in 1821 , her obituary read, “the fluency of her speech capitvated all around
What are the accomplishments of Ella Baker?
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
Henry Ossawa Tanner: A Naturalist at Heart
Henry Ossawa Tanner was the first African-American artist to achieve international acclaim.
Georgia Douglas Johnson
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
A Biography of Carter G. Woodson
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
Primary Documents for the Study of American...
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
Who helped Madam C.J. Walker start her hair...
Annie Turnbo Malone invented hair care products, is credited with giving Madam CJ Walker her start in the hair care business and opened a beauty school.
Six Astounding African-American Artists of the...
Joshua Johnson was the first professional African-American portrait artist in the United States.
How did Arturo Schomburg preserve African-Ameri...
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
How did the National Negro Business League...
The National Negro Business League was established by Booker T. Washington and Andrew Carnegie in 1900 to help black people establish businesses.
Frances Watkins Harper
Writer, educator, and abolitionist, Frances Watkins Harper spoke out against sexism and racism.
Five Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance
Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance explored themes such as racism, lynching and heritage in their theatrical productions.
African-American History Timeline: 1880 to 1889
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.
Maggie Lena Walker
Maggie Lena Walker was the first women in the United States to direct a bank. Throughout her career as a businesswoman, Walker worked to help African-Americans.
Zora Neale Hurston: Folklorist and Novelist
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.
A Freedom Seeker's Remarkable Second Chance at...
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
Toni Morrison: Biography
Toni Morrison is a prolific writer whose novels about the African-American experience have received critical acclaim
David Walker
David Walker wrote David Walker's Appeal in 1829
William Wells Brown
William Wells Brown was an abolitionist, writer and historian.
5 Men of the Harlem Renaissance
Poets such as Countee Cullen, Arna Bontemps, Sterling Brown, Claude McKay and Langston Hughes all made significant contributions to the Harlem Renaissance.
Who are five members of the Jazz Age?
Duke Ellington's career as a composer, writer, pianist and bandleader spanned more than 50 years.
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson: First African-Amer...
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was the first woman of any race to pass the Alabama State Medical Examination. She later became the founder of Tuskegee University's Nurses' School and Hospital. She is the eldest daughter of AME bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner and sister to famed artist, Henry Ossawa Tanner.
Angela Davis: Political Activist
Angela Davis is an African American political activist, philosopher, and retired professor. Davis was a leader of the Communist Party USA and, though never an
Timeline: 1870 to 1879
Key events in the decade of 1870.
Timeline of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.
Museum Spotlight: North American Black...
Blog post about the North American Black Historical Museum
John Lewis
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Today
American Negro Academy: Promoting the Talented...
The American Negro Academy promoted the work of African-American scholars in the late 19th, early 20th century.
Who is Henry Ossawa Tanner's father?
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century AME minister and bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner and Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson, one of the first African-American women physicians in the United States.
Today in African-American History: The 15th...
the 15th Amendment is ratified on feb 3, 1870
Prominent Men of the Civil Rights Movement
A. Philip Randolph was important to organizing several moments in the Civil Rights Movement.
Who is "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement?"
Septima Poinsette Clark was an educator and civil rights activist. As director of citizenship schools help spur the Montgomery Bus Boycott and voter registration drive.
Asa Philip Randolph: Civil Rights Movement...
Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
The Origins of Black History Month
How did Black History Month get its start?
Three African-American Modern Dancers
Alvin Ailey, founder of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theatre, popularized modern dance.
How did Medgar Evers participate in the Civil...
Medgar Evers work as a civil rights activist in Mississippi helped end segregation at the University of Mississippi.
The Literary Contributions of James Baldwin
James Baldwin's work as an essayist, novelist and playwright explored issues such as personal identity, racism, and sexuality.
Seven Courageous Achievements of Explorer...
Matthew Henson, along with Edwin Peary, was the first to reach the North Pole in 1909.
Seven Contributions Lugenia Burns Hope Made to...
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
Abyssinian Baptist Church
Abyssinian Baptist Church. African-American History.
Who is Fannie Lou Hamer?
Fannie Lou Hamer was a grassroots worker in Mississippi whose fight to register local voters led to national publicity.
What Is Environmental Justice?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >During the 1980s,
How did Hip Hop Culture Begin?
A timeline of hip hop culture tracing the beginning of the movement in the 1970s through the 1990s.
Eight Achievements of Malcolm X
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
Fifteenth Amendment
The text of the Fifteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, which guaranteed the right to vote to African Americans.
Nannie Helen Burroughs surprising achievements...
Nannie Helen Burroughs was a prominent member of the NACW and established the National Training School for Women and Girls
Publishers of Freedom's Journal
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > the first African-American newspaper in
Jessie Redmon Fauset: Harlem Renaissance Editor...
Jessie Redmon Fauset was one of the key players of the Harlem Renaissance. As literary editor of The Crisis, Fauset promoted the work of African-American writers.
On the Bookshelf: Six Autobiographies by...
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
Timeline: 1890 to 1899
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
Four Books that Teach African-American History
This article highlights four texts exploring African-American history and culture from enslavement to freedom.
The National Urban League
The National Urban League (NUL) is a civil rights organization advocating for the rights of African-Americans in the United States.
Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
5 Important Women of the Harlem Renaissance
Jessie Redmon Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston and Regina Anderson are just a few of the women who played a significant role in the Harlem Renaissance.
Richard Wright
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Writer
What are the accomplishments of Alice Walker?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Alice
Benjamin Banneker: Inventor and Astronomer
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Early Life Banneker
Lincoln Film Company
The Lincoln Film Company was the first African-American film company in the United States.
47 Incredible Events in African-American...
Important events and people from 1820 to 1839.
25 Interesting Events of the Early 19th Century
African-American History Timeline of 1800 to 1819 documents specific acts of legislation, events and people who were prominent societal figures.
The Achievements of Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
6 Memorable Photos of MLK and the Civil Rights...
Image of MLK as the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church
Legends of the Jazz Age
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Louis "Satchmo"
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