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African-American History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
3 Major Ways Slaves Showed Resistance to Slavery
Slaves in the United States showed resistance to the oppressive system of slavery by organizing rebellions and running away from their masters.
Civil Rights Movement Timeline From 1951 to 1959
This civil rights movement timeline covers the start of the racial equality fight, such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott and Martin Luther King's rise.
How African-Americans Championed for Change in...
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
A Timeline of 1964 and 1963 Civil Rights...
This civil rights movement timeline covers the struggle's second phase in which nonviolent action was put to the test during the early 1960s.
How did Harriet Tubman find the courage to lead...
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
When Did Slavery Start in North America?
When did slavery start in North America isn't easy to answer. Africans arrived in Virginia in 1619, working as indentured servants and then as slaves.
Biography of Black Historian Carter G. Woodson
This biography of historian Carter G. Woodson details how he created black studies and founded Negro History Week, today known as Black History Month.
What did African-Americans Achieve in the 1950s?
African-American historical events that occurred between 1950 and 1959.
How did Black History Month begin?
How did Black History Month get its start?
The Unforgettable Jim Crow Era
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
How Emmett Till's Death and Open Casket Spurred...
The Emmett Till story shocked the nation and propelled civil rights activists to take action over the black teen's racially motivated killing.
21 Literary Achievements of the Harlem...
This timeline highlights significant literary works published during the Harlem Renaissance, a period lasting from 1917 to 1937.
What Really Happened at the Stono Rebellion
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America. This profile of the rebellion outlines its causes, significance and aftermath.
12 Achievements of the NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
How did the Montgomery Bus Boycott impact the...
Why did the Montgomery Bus Boycott begin? How long did it last? What impact did the boycott have on the Jim Crow Era?
What Were the Causes of the Great Migration of...
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
37 Outstanding Achievements in the 1940s
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
30 Highlights in African-American History...
How did African-Americans defy Jim Crow Era laws and the Great Depression in the 1930s?
The Civil Rights Act of 1968 and Other Key...
This civil rights movement timeline covers the struggle's final years, including the rise of black power, the Voting Rights Act and urban riots.
Why Nat Turner's Rebellion Made White...
Nat Turner's rebellion in 1831 became one of the most memorable slave uprisings in U.S. history. It also challenged the idea that slaves were content.
Why is Rosa Parks Considered the Mother of the...
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
How was slavery established in the American...
How did slavery become an important aspect of colonial America? What is the difference between indentured servitude and servitude for life?
3 Important Causes of the Red Summer of 1919
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
How did African-Americans begin making a voice...
Who was the first African-American to publish a collection of poetry? Why was the African Masonic Lodge established? Why was the AME Church founded?
How did Arturo Schomburg preserve African-Ameri...
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
Major Highlights, Speeches and Writings of the...
Get acquainted with the civil rights movement with this overview of the major highlights, speeches and writings that shaped the era and modern race relations.
Four Initiatives Developed by W.E.B. Du Bois
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
37 Events of the 1970s
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
How did African-American fight racial injustice...
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
How Crispus Attucks Became a Hero During the...
Who was Crispus Attucks? This biography of the slave-turned-sailor reveals how he became the first person to die in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
Look into the Life and Legacy of Martin Luther...
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
27 Highlights of African-American Life in the...
How was Kwanza established? When was Malcolm X assassinated? Why was the Poor People's Campaign established? Who was the first black Supreme Court Justice?
Four Top Civil Rights Speeches and Writings
The civil rights speeches given by Martin Luther King, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson highlight their thoughts on the fight for racial equality.
Why was the anti-lynching movement important?
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Did Not End the...
The fight for racial equality did not end after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was enacted, but the law allowed activists to meet their major goals.
Who is the Father of the Underground Railroad?
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How the Definition of African-American History...
The definition of African-American history has evolved. This overview shows how historians have classified the field in the past and do so today.
Where did writers of the Harlem Renaissance...
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
A Marcus Garvey Biography That Defines His...
This Marcus Garvey biography defines the radical views he popularized after founding the UNIA and urging blacks to embrace their African heritage.
What is the Black Panther Party?
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party.
35 Moments of the Roaring 20s
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
Why were the 1850s such a turbulent decade for...
Why were the 1850s such a turbulent decade for African-Americans?
African-American History Moments: 1980 to 1989
A timeline of African-American history from 1980 to 1989
Who was the first African-American to Win an...
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
How Executive Order 9981 Desegregated the U.S....
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 in 1948, ending segregation in the U.S. military and paving the way for the civil rights movement.
How did Booker T. Washington Become an...
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
What did African-American achieve between 1900...
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
How Did Abolitionists Fight Against Injustice...
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
What are the key events for the abolition...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview The abolition
How did the American Negro Academy Oppose...
The American Negro Academy promoted the work of African-American scholars in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Toni Morrison: Biography
Toni Morrison is a prolific writer whose novels about the African-American experience have received critical acclaim
Why was the AME Church established?
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
What happened to the Negro Baseball Leagues?
When were the Negro Baseball Leagues established? Why did African-Americans establish their own baseball leagues? Who were major players in the leagues?
Who are the Scottsboro Boys?
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
26 Events That Happened After the Civil War
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
How did Ida B. Wells Launch the Anti-Lynching...
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
Why is Dred Scott's Case Significant to United...
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history. Dred Scott, an enslaved man, unsuccessfully fought for his and his wife's freedom.
What is the oldest black college in the United...
What was the first historically black college to be established in the United States? What organizations helped establish schools for African-Americans?
How did Ella Baker help the Civil Rights...
Why did Ella Baker become involved in grassroots organizing? What strategies did Ella Baker use to help members of the Civil Rights Movement?
Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
How Martin Luther King Day Became a Federal...
Martin Luther King Day became a federal holiday due to the efforts of the civil rights leader's supporters who worked tirelessly to have him honored.
5 Contributions SNCC Made to the Civil Rights...
SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
What were the events leading up to the Brown v....
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview In 1954,
3 Philosophies of the Abolition Movement
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
Who is "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement?"
Septima Poinsette Clark was an educator and civil rights activist. As director of citizenship schools help spur the Montgomery Bus Boycott and voter registration drive.
Was the Niagara Movement an Innovative...
The Niagara Movement was an organization established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and scholar W.E.B. Du Bois to fight racial injustice
47 Incredible Events in African-American...
Important events and people from 1820 to 1839.
How did Mary Mcleod Bethune remain calm and...
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
How did William Wells Brown help the abolition...
Why did William Wells Brown become an abolitionist? How did Wells Brown become the first African-American to publish a novel and a play?
How did the NACW fight racism during the...
The NACW has worked to provide social services to communities in need and end racial injustice in the United States for more than 100 years.
Three Achievements of Macon Bolling Allen
Macon Bolling Allen was the first African-American licensed attorney and judge in the United States.
Who is Fannie Lou Hamer?
Fannie Lou Hamer was a grassroots worker in Mississippi whose fight to register local voters led to national publicity.
What happened at the March on Washington?
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
Why is James Weldon Johnson considered a...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview James
Why is Paul Laurence Dunbar Considered the...
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
Four Achievements of Legal Advocate Sadie...
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was the first African-American woman to receive a PhD in the United States.
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson: First African-Amer...
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was the first woman of any race to pass the Alabama State Medical Examination. She later became the founder of Tuskegee University's Nurses' School and Hospital. She is the eldest daughter of AME bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner and sister to famed artist, Henry Ossawa Tanner.
What impact did Gabriel Prosser's Plot have on...
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
Richard Allen
Richard Allen established the AME Church and was an abolitionist and social activist.
What five cities played an important role in...
What five cities played an important role in the Abolition Movement?
5 Unforgettable African-American Physicians...
Who were some of the first African-American men and women to become physicians​ in the United States? Who was the first to be recognized as a doctor?
Four Accomplishments of William Monroe Trotter
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
How did the Black Press help the Great...
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
Why was James Forten considered an influential...
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
What happened in the early 1960s in black...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" > 1960 Four students
Seven Courageous Achievements of Explorer...
Matthew Henson, along with Edwin Peary, was the first to reach the North Pole in 1909.
What Events in U.S. History Led to the...
What events had to occur U.S. History for the Civil Rights Movement to develop? What organizations played a role in the development of the Civil Rights Movement?
How did Benjamin Banneker Defy 18th Century...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Almanac
6 Astounding Accomplishments of Mary Church...
Mary Church Terrell was a lifelong fighter against the disenfranchisement of African-Americans and women.
How did the abolition movement grow in the...
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
The Amazing Achievement of Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou was a prominent memorist and poet whose work encouraged Americans of all walks of life.
Seven Black Women Who Contributed to the...
Seven African-American women and their contributions to the anti-slavery movement.
1 Success of the Freedmen's Bureau
The Freedmen's Bureau was established to help former enslaved African-Americans with housing, educational and employment opportunities. Despite its work, the agency faced a number of problems ranging from funding and lack of support.
How was Arna Bontemps Devoted to Documenting...
Writer Arna Bontemps never gained notoriety during the Harlem Renaissance but his work as a curator of black literature and culture makes him notable.
Who is Mr. Bojangles?
Bill Bojangles Robinson's career spanned vaudeville, the Broadway stage and film.
The Artistic Genius of Edmonia Lewis
Edmonia Lewis was the first African-American woman to be recognized as a sculptor.
Seven Contributions Lugenia Burns Hope Made to...
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
How did Blacks fight oppression in the 1880s?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >During the 1880s,
Fast Facts About the First Four Years of the...
This timeline features events related to African-American history that occurred between 1860 and 1864.
What Historians Helped Promote African-American...
African-American historians such as Carter G. Woodson, Arturo Schomburg, W.E.B. DuBois, and John Edward Bruce.
Why is Claude McKay Considered a Proletariat...
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
4 Startling Achievements of John Mercer Langston
John Mercer Langston was not only the first African-American to serve in Congress, he was also an abolitionist, educator and fighter for racial unity as well as equality.
5 Men of the Harlem Renaissance
Poets such as Countee Cullen, Arna Bontemps, Sterling Brown, Claude McKay and Langston Hughes all made significant contributions to the Harlem Renaissance.
How did Black Newspapers fight racial injustice...
How did African-American newspapers serve as vehicles for change during the Jim Crow Era?
Frances Watkins Harper
Writer, educator, and abolitionist, Frances Watkins Harper spoke out against sexism and racism.
What is Juneteenth and What Does it Commemorate?
What is Juneteenth and what does the holiday commemorate? Get the facts with this profile of the event and its importance in black history.
How did Jesse Owens achieve greatness at the...
How did Jesse Owens become the first American to win four gold medals? How did Adolf Hitler feel about Owens' accomplishments?
Timeline of Little Rock School Integration
Who were the Little Rock Nine? Why did it take so long to integrate public high schools in Little Rock, Ark?
Why did Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale...
Who were prominent members of the Black Panther Party? What role did they play in the organization?
How did Maggie Lena Walker create wealth during...
Maggie Lena Walker was the first woman in the United States to establish and run a bank. Walker's work as an activist is also well noted.
How did the National Negro Convention Movement...
The National Negro Convention Movement allowed freedmen to meet on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement.
Who was the first African-American woman to...
Rebecca Lee Crumpler was the first African-American woman to achieve​ a medical degree. Where did Crumpler work? What did she do after the Civil War?
How did Madam C.J. Walker become a millionaire?
Madam C.J. Walker developed a line of hair products for African-American women. She is considered the first woman to become a self-made millionaire.
Who is Henry Ossawa Tanner's father?
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century African Methodist Episcopal bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner.
How did African-American achieve greatness in...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Like
How did African-Americans become educated...
How did the Freedmen's Bureau and Freedmen's Aid Society help African-Americans achieve an education during the Reconstruction Period?
Jessie Redmon Fauset: Harlem Renaissance Editor...
Jessie Redmon Fauset was one of the key players of the Harlem Renaissance. As literary editor of The Crisis, Fauset promoted the work of African-American writers.
How did the National Negro Business League...
Why did Booker T. Washington establish the National Negro Business League? What were the successes of the organization?
6 Memorable Photos of MLK and the Civil Rights...
Martin Luther King Jr., became the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in 1954.
African-American Events from 1980 to 1989
This month's historical timeline features events taking place between 1980 and 1989. As a result of various civil rights struggles in previous decades, it
How did black newspapers fight against the Jim...
Why did Black newspaper publishers fight against Jim Crow Era laws and racial injustice?
6 Revealing Autobiographies by African-American...
Like the narratives written by former enslaved African-Americans, the ability to tell one's story has
Nine Unforgettable Facts about "The Rebel" Mary...
Abolitionist and suffragette Mary Ann Shadd Cary advocated for self-reliance and education for African-Americans.
5 Leaders of the Harlem Renaissance
What men and women used their influence to help the Harlem Renaissance an artistic movement?
How did Alain Leroy Locke Advocate for Harlem...
Like Jessie Redmon Fauset, Alain Leroy Locke worked diligently to promote the literary and artistic work of African-Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.
Why was the National Council of Negro Women...
The National Council of Negro Women was established by Mary McLeod Bethune to unite African-American women's groups and improve race relations in the United States.
Who is Nikki Giovanni?
Poet and activist Nikki Giovanni a distinguished professor at Virginia Tech University.
Why Did Lorraine Hansberry Write "A Raisin in...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview When
Who helped Madam C.J. Walker start her hair...
Annie Turnbo Malone invented hair care products, is credited with giving Madam CJ Walker her start in the hair care business and opened a beauty school.
25 Interesting Events of the Early 19th Century
African-American History Timeline of 1800 to 1819 documents specific acts of legislation, events and people who were prominent societal figures.
How did Medgar Evers participate in the Civil...
Medgar Evers work as a civil rights activist in Mississippi helped end segregation at the University of Mississippi.
How Does Kwanzaa Honor African-American Heritage?
Kwanzaa is an annual celebration of African heritage taking place from December 26 to January 1.
3 National Civil Rights Campaigns Initiated by...
CORE played an important role in galvanizing young adults to help African-Americans in the South fight against racial discrimination.
On the Bookshelf: Top 5 Slave Narratives
Slave narratives allowed the world the opportunity to experience the treatment former slaves endured.
Civil Rights Hero Thurgood Marshall
Before Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, he represented African-Americans in landmark cases overturning segregation
What is the Pennsylvania Abolition Society?
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.
Who is the first African-American to be...
John Hope was an educator and civil rights advocate. He was the first African-American to serve as president of a historically black college/university.
How did Josephine Baker support the Civil...
How did Josephine Baker become a performer? Why did Baker become popular in Paris? How did Baker help with the French Resistance? How did Baker contribute to the Civil Rights Movement?
How did Augusta Savage find funding to become...
Sculptor Augusta Savage created busts of Harlem Renaissance leaders such as W.E.B. DuBois and Marcus Garvey.
What are the achievements of Gwendolyn Brooks?
Gwendolyn Brooks is the first African-American to win a Pulitzer Prize in Poetry. Brooks poetry is influenced by the Great Migration and later the Black Power Movement.
Five Achievements of Martin Delany: Father of...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" > Overview Known
How Slavery Documents Offer a Direct Look at...
Want to learn about slavery from those who lived through it? This roundup of slavery documents, memoirs and narratives is a great way to start.
A Freedom Seeker's Remarkable Second Chance at...
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
Prominent Men of the Civil Rights Movement
A. Philip Randolph was important to organizing several moments in the Civil Rights Movement.
Who is Angela Davis?
Angela Davis is a professor and political activist often remembered for her affiliation with the Black Panther Party.
What contributions did Georgia Douglas Johnson...
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
Zora Neale Hurston: Folklorist and Novelist
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.
Timeline: 1870 to 1879
Key events in the decade of 1870.
What caused the Tulsa Race Riot?
The Tulsa Race Riot was a 16-hour racially motivated conflict that occurred in 1921. In its aftermath, 800 Tulsans were injured, 300 blacks killed and the Negro Wall Street was destroyed.

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