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African-American History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
When Did Slavery Begin in North America?
Slavery started in the British colonies in North America 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown in Virginia.
Important Dates of the Civil Rights Movement...
A timeline of major events in the Civil Rights Movement between 1960 and 1964.
3 Major Ways Some Slaves Resisted Slavery
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
What Really Happened at the Stono Rebellion
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
How African-Americans Championed for Change in...
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
Guide to the Civil Rights Movement of the '50s...
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
Why Nat Turner's Rebellion Made White...
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
What Was the Impact of the Civil Rights Act of...
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The Unforgettable Jim Crow Era
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
Why was the AME Church established?
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
5 Memorable Jazz Singers
During the 1950s, Dinah Washington was “the most popular black female recording artist” recording popular
What did African-Americans achieve in the 1950s?
African-American historical events that occurred between 1950 and 1959.
37 Outstanding Achievements in the 1940s
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
What You Should Know About the Emancipation...
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
What is Juneteenth?
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
When Did the Desegregation of the Military Take...
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
Look into the Life and Legacy of Martin Luther...
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
4 Top Texts of the Civil Rights Movement
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
Thirteenth Amendment
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
3 Causes of the Red Summer of 1919
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
Why Emmett Till's Death Played a Pivotal Role...
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
African-American History Timeline: 1965 to 1969
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
How did educator Marva Collins transform the...
Marva Collins was an educator who established a low-cost private school for young children residing in Chicago.
Timeline: 1930 to 1939
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
37 Events of the 1970s
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
What Were the Causes of the Great Migration of...
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
Enslavement Timeline 1619 to 1696
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
Why is Dred Scott's Case Significant?
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history. Dred Scott, an enslaved man, unsuccessfully fought for his and his wife's freedom.
12 Achievements of the NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
How Crispus Attucks Became a Hero During the...
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
Who are the Fisk Jubilee Singers?
The Fisk Jubilee Singers were established in 1871 to raise money for Fisk University.
Fourteenth Amendment
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
What are the key events for the abolition...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The abolition
Gabriel Prosser's Plot
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
5 Cities of the Abolition Movement
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
26 Events That Happened After the Civil War
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
How did Alain Leroy Locke Advocate for Harlem...
Like Jessie Redmon Fauset, Alain Leroy Locke worked diligently to promote the literary and artistic work of African-Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.
Learn About the Life of Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
3 Philosophies of the Abolition Movement
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
9 Amazing Achievements by African-Americans...
What was life like for African-Americans in the 18th Century?
A Biography of Harriet Tubman
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
Who are the Scottsboro Boys?
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
21 Literary Achievements of the Harlem...
The Harlem Renaissance is the considered the first literary movement in the United States in which many black writers are able to explore various themes existing in African American society. This is a timeline of the major publications and events of this period.
6 Memorable Photos of MLK and the Civil Rights...
Martin Luther King Jr., became the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in 1954.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 - 1799
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
Who are five members of the Jazz Age?
Duke Ellington's career as a composer, writer, pianist and bandleader spanned more than 50 years.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
Four Initiatives Developed by W.E.B. Du Bois
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
Booker T. Washington: Biography
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
Paul Laurence Dunbar: Poet Laureate of the...
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
What is Kwanzaa?
Kwanzaa is a celebration of African heritage that takes place from December 26 to January 1.
Timeline: 1910 to 1919
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
Why was the anti-lynching movement important?
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
Primary Documents for the Study of American...
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
24 Astounding Events of the 1850s
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
Four Accomplishments of William Monroe Trotter
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
35 Moments of the Roaring 20s
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
Who are pioneering DJs of hip hop music?
DJ Kool Herc is credited with throwing the first hip hop party in 1973 in the Bronx.
NACW: Fighting for Social Justice During the...
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
Three Powerful Black Newspapers During the Jim...
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
What is the Black Panther Party?
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party.
Why was the National Council of Negro Women...
The National Council of Negro Women was established by Mary McLeod Bethune to unite African-American women's groups and improve race relations in the United States.
Where did writers of the Harlem Renaissance...
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
Why is Thomas Dorsey Known as the "Father of...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" > Overview Gospel
African-American History Timeline: 1960 to 1964
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
How Martin Luther King Day Became a Federal...
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
How did the Black Theater Movement begin?
The Black Theater Movement began in 1816 when William Brown established the African Company and troupes such as the Negro Ensemble Company continue the movement today.
What is African-American History?
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
Timeline: 1870 to 1879
Key events in the decade of 1870.
Maggie Lena Walker
Maggie Lena Walker was the first women in the United States to direct a bank. Throughout her career as a businesswoman, Walker worked to help African-Americans.
Three African-American Modern Dancers
While Pearl Primus and Katherine Dunham established modern dance techniques, Alvin Ailey, popularized modern dance with his company, the Alvin Ailey American Dance Company.
What are the accomplishments of Alice Walker?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Alice
African-American History Timeline: 1840 to 1849
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
How did Arthur Ashe become a world-class tennis...
Not only was Arthur Ashe a tennis player that broke racial barriers, but he used his position to shed light on several humanitarian issues.
The Origins of Black History Month
How did Black History Month get its start?
Why is James Weldon Johnson considered a...
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
On the Bookshelf: Six Autobiographies by...
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
National Negro Convention Movement
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
What did African-American achieve between 1900...
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
What is the significance of the Associated...
Claude Barnett established the Associated Negro Press to distribute daily news coverage to African-American newspapers.
What happened to the Negro Baseball Leagues?
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
A Biography of Carter G. Woodson
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
Eight Achievements of Malcolm X
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
African-American Events from 1980 to 1989
This month's historical timeline features events taking place between 1980 and 1989. As a result of various civil rights struggles in previous decades, it
Who is the Father of the Underground Railroad?
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
African-American History Timeline: 1980 to 1989
A timeline of African-American history from 1980 to 1989
A Freedom Seeker's Remarkable Second Chance at...
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
What happened at the March on Washington?
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
The Niagara Movement: Organizing for Social...
The Niagara Movement was an instrumental organization that was established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Du Bois in opposition to Booker T. Washington's philosophy as an accommodation.
Richard Wright
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Writer
How did Arturo Schomburg preserve African-Ameri...
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
Who is Angela Davis?
Angela Davis is a professor and political activist often remembered for her affiliation with the Black Panther Party.
Prominent Men of the Civil Rights Movement
A. Philip Randolph was important to organizing several moments in the Civil Rights Movement.
How did Medgar Evers participate in the Civil...
Medgar Evers work as a civil rights activist in Mississippi helped end segregation at the University of Mississippi.
Timeline: 1890 to 1899
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
4 Achievements of John Mercer Langston
John Mercer Langston was not only the first African-American to serve in Congress, he was also an abolitionist, educator and fighter for racial unity as well as equality.
Why is Claude McKay Considered a Proletariat...
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
Who is James Forten?
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
Members of the Black Panther Party
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
Why was visual artistry important during the...
Augusta Savage was a sculptor who was active during the Harlem Renaissance and later established the Harlem Community Art Center for young artists.
Why did Romare Bearden become a collage artist?
Romare Bearden was a visual artist who utilized painting, cartoon and collage to depict African-American life.
African-American Musical Pioneers
W.C. Handy, Scott Joplin and Thomas Dorsey are all considered musical pioneers for their ability to take chances and create new sounds.
Who are the pioneers of Black Nationalist...
Early Black Nationalists included Paul Cuffee, Martin Delany and Henry McNeal Turner. These men all envisioned a better world for African-Americans outside of the United States.
How did the abolition movement grow in the...
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
How did Hip Hop Culture Begin?
A timeline of hip hop culture tracing the beginning of the movement in the 1970s through the 1990s.
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
Six Astounding African-American Artists of the...
Joshua Johnson was the first professional African-American portrait artist in the United States.
Who is Mr. Bojangles?
Bill Bojangles Robinson's career spanned vaudeville, the Broadway stage and film.
Arna Bontemps
Arna Bontemps was a poet and novelist of the Harlem Renaissance. Yet, it was his work as a curator who archived African-American literature and culture that makes him most notable.
William Wells Brown
William Wells Brown was an abolitionist, writer and historian.
Richard Allen
Richard Allen established the AME Church and was an abolitionist and social activist.
Henry Ossawa Tanner: A Naturalist at Heart
Henry Ossawa Tanner was the first African-American artist to achieve international acclaim.
47 Incredible Events in African-American...
Important events and people from 1820 to 1839.
3 Notable African-American Visual Artists
 W hen Henry Ossawa Tanner first created the painting, Sand Dunes at Sunset, Atlantic City  in 1895,
Five Blues Singin Women
In 1920, Mamie Smith sang “Crazy Blues,” and made musical history--the song is considered the first blues
Four Achievements of Legal Advocate Sadie...
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was the first African-American woman to receive a PhD in the United States.
When Did African-Americans Begin Playing Golf?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Since the Reconstruction
African-American Senators
Eight African-Americans elected or appointed to the United States Senate.
Who is Nikki Giovanni?
Poet and activist Nikki Giovanni a distinguished professor at Virginia Tech University.
5 African-American Women Writers
Five African-American women writers whose work spans through colonial America through the Black Arts Movement
Fast Facts About the First Four Years of the...
This timeline features events related to African-American history that occurred between 1860 and 1864.
Who was John Baxter Taylor?
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
Asa Philip Randolph: Civil Rights Movement...
Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Toni Morrison: Biography
Toni Morrison is a prolific writer whose novels about the African-American experience have received critical acclaim
Famous Players of the Negro Baseball Leagues
Satchel Paige, Josh Gibson, and Jackie Robinson are three of the most prolific players in the Negro Baseball Leagues.
John Lewis
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Today
What are the accomplishments of Ella Baker?
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
Jessie Redmon Fauset: Harlem Renaissance Editor...
Jessie Redmon Fauset was one of the key players of the Harlem Renaissance. As literary editor of The Crisis, Fauset promoted the work of African-American writers.
Jacob Lawrence: Visual Chronicler of the...
Jacob Lawrence depict African-American historical figures and events in visual narrative series.
Who is the Father of the Blues?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview William
How did Scott Joplin become the King of Ragtime?
Known as the King of Ragtime, Scott Joplin is considered one of the greatest composer of the 20th Century.
25 Interesting Events of the Early 19th Century
African-American History Timeline of 1800 to 1819 documents specific acts of legislation, events and people who were prominent societal figures.
Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
Who are five early African-American Poets?
Jupiter Hammon was the first African-American to publish his work in the United States.
Why Did Lorraine Hansberry Write "A Raisin in...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview When
Who Killed Jim Crow?
Charles Houston Hamilton was a civil rights attorney whose strategies for dismantling Jim Crow segregation led to the Brown v. Board of Education ruling.
What is the Pennsylvania Abolition Society?
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.
How did "The Chicago Defender" help spur the...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article"
The Amazing Achievement of Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou was a prominent memorist and poet whose work encouraged Americans of all walks of life.
American Negro Academy: Promoting the Talented...
The American Negro Academy promoted the work of African-American scholars in the late 19th, early 20th century.
Four Pan African Leaders
This article describe the work of four men who believed in Pan African ideology
Five Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance
Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance explored themes such as racism, lynching and heritage in their theatrical productions.
3 Expatriate Writers
James Baldwin, Richard Wright and Chester Himes were all expatriate writers who lived and published in France.
Frances Watkins Harper
Writer, educator, and abolitionist, Frances Watkins Harper spoke out against sexism and racism.
Who is Henry Ossawa Tanner's father?
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century AME minister and bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner and Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson, one of the first African-American women physicians in the United States.
5 African-American Organizations Established...
Five organizations established during the Progessive Era with the purpose of helping African-American achieve social equality.
Watch This: African-American Documentaries
Three documentaries that provide vivid footage and historical facts concerning African-American history.
African-American History Timeline: 1880 to 1889
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.

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