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African-American History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
Important Dates of the Civil Rights Movement...
A timeline of major events in the Civil Rights Movement between 1960 and 1964.
When Did Slavery Begin in North America?
Slavery in the British colonies in North America dates to 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown.
3 Major Ways Some Slaves Resisted Slavery
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
How African-Americans Championed for Change in...
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
Why Nat Turner's Rebellion Made White...
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
Guide to the Civil Rights Movement of the '50s...
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
Daniel Hale Williams: Groundbreaking Surgeon
Daniel Hale Williams was a groundbreaking physician who performed the first successful open heart surgery in the world. He also co-founded Provident Hospital and the NMA
What Was the Impact of the Civil Rights Act of...
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
What Really Happened at the Stono Rebellion
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
Look into the Life and Legacy of Martin Luther...
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Why Emmett Till's Death Played a Pivotal Role...
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
4 Top Texts of the Civil Rights Movement
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
What You Should Know About the Emancipation...
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
What Were the Causes of the Great Migration of...
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
12 Achievements of the NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
When Did the Desegregation of the Military Take...
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
What are the key events for the abolition...
The Abolition Movement of the 1830s was filled with action. From the publication of Garrison's
3 Causes of the Red Summer of 1919
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
A Biography of Harriet Tubman
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
What is African-American History?
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
Learn About the Life of Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
How Crispus Attucks Became a Hero During the...
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
3 Philosophies of the Abolition Movement
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
Who are the Scottsboro Boys?
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
African-American History Timeline: 1940 to 1949
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
5 Cities of the Abolition Movement
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
Timeline: 1930 to 1939
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
NACW: Fighting for Social Justice During the...
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
How did the abolition movement grow in the...
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
The Unforgettable Jim Crow Era
The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
African-American History Timeline: 1950 to 1959
This timeline highlights important events and people in the 1950s.
Four Initiatives Developed by W.E.B. Du Bois
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
How Martin Luther King Day Became a Federal...
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
Anti-Lynching Movement
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
Civil Rights Hero Thurgood Marshall
Before Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, he represented African-Americans in landmark cases overturning segregation
What happened to Dred Scott?
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history.
Gabriel Prosser's Plot
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
Who is the Father of the Underground Railroad?
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
21 Literary Achievements of the Harlem...
The Harlem Renaissance is the considered the first literary movement in the United States in which many black writers are able to explore various themes existing in African American society. This is a timeline of the major publications and events of this period.
5 African-American Organizations Established...
Five organizations established during the Progessive Era with the purpose of helping African-American achieve social equality.
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
Enslavement Timeline 1619 to 1696
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
24 Astounding Events of the 1850s
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
Who is the Father of the Blues?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview William
African-American History Timeline: 1965 to 1969
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
African-American History Timeline: 1840 to 1849
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
Where did writers of the Harlem Renaissance...
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
Three Powerful Black Newspapers During the Jim...
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
Timeline: 1910 to 1919
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
Who is James Forten?
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
37 Events of the 1970s
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
What is Kwanzaa?
Kwanzaa is a celebration of African heritage that takes place from December 26 to January 1.
What were the events leading up to the Brown v....
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview In 1954,
5 African-American Women Writers
Five African-American women writers whose work spans through colonial America through the Black Arts Movement
African-American History Timeline: 1700 - 1799
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
Who was John Baxter Taylor?
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
Claude McKay: Proletariat Poet
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
What happened to the Negro Baseball Leagues?
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
Booker T. Washington: Biography
Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
Why is James Weldon Johnson considered a...
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
How did Madam C.J. Walker become a millionaire?
Madam C.J. Walker developed a line of hair products for African-American women. She is considered the first woman to become a self-made millionaire.
Paul Laurence Dunbar: Poet Laureate of the...
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
Members of the Black Panther Party
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
The Niagara Movement: Organizing for Social...
The Niagara Movement was an instrumental organization that was established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Du Bois in opposition to Booker T. Washington's philosophy as an accommodation.
What is the Black Panther Party?
This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party.
5 Contributions SNCC Made to the Civil Rights...
SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
What is Juneteenth?
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
African-American History Timeline: 1980 to 1989
This month's historical timeline features events taking place between 1980 and 1989. As a result of various civil rights struggles in previous decades, it
4 Women of the Civil Rights Movement
Ella Baker, Septima Clark, Fannie Lou Hamer and Rosa Parks all played important roles in the Civil Rights Movement.
A Biography of Carter G. Woodson
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
National Negro Convention Movement
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
How did Arturo Schomburg preserve African-Ameri...
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
African-American History Timeline: 1920 - 1929
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
Thirteenth Amendment
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
Who Killed Jim Crow?
Charles Houston Hamilton was a civil rights attorney whose strategies for dismantling Jim Crow segregation led to the Brown v. Board of Education ruling.
Fourteenth Amendment
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
Henry Ossawa Tanner: A Naturalist at Heart
Henry Ossawa Tanner was the first African-American artist to achieve international acclaim.
Frances Watkins Harper
Writer, educator, and abolitionist, Frances Watkins Harper spoke out against sexism and racism.
AME Church
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
African-American History Timeline: 1880 to 1889
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.
African-American History Timeline: 1960 to 1964
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
What are the accomplishments of Ella Baker?
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
26 Events That Happened After the Civil War
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
Maggie Lena Walker
Maggie Lena Walker was the first women in the United States to direct a bank. Throughout her career as a businesswoman, Walker worked to help African-Americans.
Who are five early African-American Poets?
When Lucy Terry Prince died in 1821 , her obituary read, “the fluency of her speech capitvated all around
Arna Bontemps
Arna Bontemps was a poet and novelist of the Harlem Renaissance. Yet, it was his work as a curator who archived African-American literature and culture that makes him most notable.
Why was Paul Robeson blacklisted from the...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Paul
William Monroe Trotter: An Uncompromising...
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
African-American Children's Literature: Past,...
Autobiographies, Memoirs, and Biographies written on African-American figures for children
How did Scott Joplin become the King of Ragtime?
Known as the King of Ragtime, Scott Joplin is considered one of the greatest composer of the 20th Century.
David Walker
David Walker wrote David Walker's Appeal in 1829
Countee Cullen
Countee Cullen was a prominent literary figure of the Harlem Renaissance.
Who helped Madam C.J. Walker start her hair...
Annie Turnbo Malone invented hair care products, is credited with giving Madam CJ Walker her start in the hair care business and opened a beauty school.
Georgia Douglas Johnson
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
American Negro Academy: Promoting the Talented...
The American Negro Academy promoted the work of African-American scholars in the late 19th, early 20th century.
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
How did the National Negro Business League...
The National Negro Business League was established by Booker T. Washington and Andrew Carnegie in 1900 to help black people establish businesses.
Benjamin Banneker: Inventor and Astronomer
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Early Life Banneker
A Freedom Seeker's Remarkable Second Chance at...
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson: First African-Amer...
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was the first woman of any race to pass the Alabama State Medical Examination. She later became the founder of Tuskegee University's Nurses' School and Hospital. She is the eldest daughter of AME bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner and sister to famed artist, Henry Ossawa Tanner.
Toni Morrison: Biography
Toni Morrison is a prolific writer whose novels about the African-American experience have received critical acclaim
The National Urban League
The National Urban League (NUL) is a civil rights organization advocating for the rights of African-Americans in the United States.
Zora Neale Hurston: Folklorist and Novelist
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.
Five Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance
Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance explored themes such as racism, lynching and heritage in their theatrical productions.
Who is Henry Ossawa Tanner's father?
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century AME minister and bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner and Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson, one of the first African-American women physicians in the United States.
The Origins of Black History Month
How did Black History Month get its start?
Asa Philip Randolph: Civil Rights Movement...
Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Primary Documents for the Study of American...
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
Six Astounding African-American Artists of the...
Joshua Johnson was the first professional African-American portrait artist in the United States.
Nannie Helen Burroughs surprising achievements...
Nannie Helen Burroughs was a prominent member of the NACW and established the National Training School for Women and Girls
Lincoln Film Company
The Lincoln Film Company was the first African-American film company in the United States.
Who is Fannie Lou Hamer?
Fannie Lou Hamer was a grassroots worker in Mississippi whose fight to register local voters led to national publicity.
Eight Achievements of Malcolm X
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
How did Medgar Evers participate in the Civil...
Medgar Evers work as a civil rights activist in Mississippi helped end segregation at the University of Mississippi.
Timeline: 1870 to 1879
Key events in the decade of 1870.
5 Men of the Harlem Renaissance
Poets such as Countee Cullen, Arna Bontemps, Sterling Brown, Claude McKay and Langston Hughes all made significant contributions to the Harlem Renaissance.
The Achievements of Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
The Literary Contributions of James Baldwin
James Baldwin's work as an essayist, novelist and playwright explored issues such as personal identity, racism, and sexuality.
Alain Leroy Locke: Advocate for African-America...
Like Jessie Redmon Fauset, Alain Leroy Locke worked diligently to promote the literary and artistic work of African-Americans during the Harlem Renaissance.
Who is "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement?"
Septima Poinsette Clark was an educator and civil rights activist. As director of citizenship schools help spur the Montgomery Bus Boycott and voter registration drive.
Prominent Men of the Civil Rights Movement
A. Philip Randolph was important to organizing several moments in the Civil Rights Movement.
Angela Davis: Political Activist
Angela Davis is an African American political activist, philosopher, and retired professor. Davis was a leader of the Communist Party USA and, though never an
Seven Contributions Lugenia Burns Hope Made to...
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
3 National Civil Rights Campaigns Initiated by...
CORE played an important role in galvanizing young adults to help African-Americans in the South fight against racial discrimination.
Timeline: 1890 to 1899
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
African American History: 1970 to 1979 and the...
This month, I've decided to publish content that features events and people of the 1970s. While conducting research for African-American History Timeline: 1970
6 Memorable Photos of MLK and the Civil Rights...
Image of the African-American participation in the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
On the Bookshelf: Six Autobiographies by...
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
Abyssinian Baptist Church
Abyssinian Baptist Church. African-American History.
Three African-American Modern Dancers
Alvin Ailey, founder of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theatre, popularized modern dance.
The Artistic Genius of Edmonia Lewis
Edmonia Lewis was the first African-American woman to be recognized as a sculptor.
Today in African-American History: The 15th...
the 15th Amendment is ratified on feb 3, 1870
John Lewis
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Today
5 Important Women of the Harlem Renaissance
Jessie Redmon Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston and Regina Anderson are just a few of the women who played a significant role in the Harlem Renaissance.
Three Unforgettable Women of the Black Arts...
Prominent women of the Black Arts Movement
Timeline of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.
Remembering Maya: The Caged Bird Has Sung
Maya Angelou is remembered for her courage as an African-American women writer.
Jessie Redmon Fauset: Harlem Renaissance Editor...
Jessie Redmon Fauset was one of the key players of the Harlem Renaissance. As literary editor of The Crisis, Fauset promoted the work of African-American writers.
Richard Wright
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Overview Writer
25 Interesting Events of the Early 19th Century
African-American History Timeline of 1800 to 1819 documents specific acts of legislation, events and people who were prominent societal figures.
Four Achievements of Legal Advocate Sadie...
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was the first African-American woman to receive a PhD in the United States.
William Wells Brown
William Wells Brown was an abolitionist, writer and historian.
What are the achievements of Gwendolyn Brooks?
Gwendolyn Brooks is the first African-American to win a Pulitzer Prize in Poetry. Brooks poetry is influenced by the Great Migration and later the Black Power Movement.
What Is Environmental Justice?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >During the 1980s,
Bill "Bojangles" Robinson
Bill ¨Bojangles¨ Robinson was born in Richmond, Virginia May 25, 1878. Though he began dancing in beer gardens at the age of five, his stage career began at the
Timleine: 1900 to 1909
This timeline traces important moments in African-American history between 1900 and 1909
How did Hip Hop Culture Begin?
A timeline of hip hop culture tracing the beginning of the movement in the 1970s through the 1990s.
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