African-American History: Most Popular Articles
A timeline of major events in the Civil Rights Movement between 1960 and 1964.
Slavery in the British colonies in North America dates to 1619, when the first Africans arrived as slaves at Jamestown.
This article explores the avenues of resistance available to slaves in America.
A description of Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831.
For African-American reformers. African-American History.
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
A description of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America.
Daniel Hale Williams was a groundbreaking physician who performed the first successful open heart surgery in the world. He also co-founded Provident Hospital and the NMA
A biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
A biography of Emmett Till, a 14-year-old boy who was killed for whistling at a white woman in Mississippi in 1955.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the oldest and most recognized civil rights organization in the United States.
The Emancipation Proclamation's purpose was to free slaves in the Confederacy by presidential decree. Its effect was to transform the Civil War into a moral war against the system of slavery.
A list and description of the major speeches and writings of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981 on July 26, 1948, ending segregation in the military.
The Great Migration was movement from rural southern areas to northern, Midwestern and western cities.
A biography of Harriet Tubman, a former slave who helped over 200 others escape from slavery to the North.
The Abolition Movement of the 1830s was filled with action. From the publication of Garrison's
The Red Summer of 1919 began in May and lasted until the end of October. During this time, race riots erupted in many northern cities.
Marcus Garvey came to the United States in the midst of the Harlem Renaissance, a flowering of African-American culture. He founded the UNIA, urging African Americans to be proud of their African heritage.
The definition of African-American history has changed over time.
A profile of Crispus Attucks, an African-American sailor who was the first killed in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
This timeline highlights African-American history from 1930 to 1939.
This timeline looks at African-American achievements between 1940 to 1949.
The National Association of Colored Women was established to grant African-American women a voice in society. For the past 110 years, the NACW has worked to provide social services and end racism in the United States.
Abolitionists worked to end slavery. Their philosophies on how to end slavery were very different. Historian Herbert Aptheker outlines the three types of abolitionism.
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The Jim Crow Era in American society lasted from the late 1870s to 1965 with the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
The 1820s planted the seeds for the burgeoning Abolition Movement of the 1830s.
The Scottsboro Boys were nine African-American teens ranging in age from thirteen to nineteen. Each was tried and convicted of raping two white women on a Southern railroad freight train.
This timeline highlights important events and people in the 1950s.
This article is a list of the five cities that played an important role in the abolition movement.
Historian, sociologist, writer, educator and sociopolitical activist, W.E.B. Du Bois fought throughout his career to uplift African-Americans through a variety of methods.
With one single refusal, Rosa Parks became the mother of Civil Rights Movement.
Before Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, he represented African-Americans in landmark cases overturning segregation
The Anti Lynching movement was a movement aimed at abolishing the practice of lynching.
William Still was an abolitionist, civil rights activist and businessman who coined the term Underground Railroad and was one of its chief conductors.
Five African-American women writers whose work spans through colonial America through the Black Arts Movement
The 1850s were a turbulent time in American history for African-Americans.
The history and origins of Martin Luther King Day.
Enslavement in colonial America was established with one law at a time. Throughout the late 16th and 17th Centuries, laws were passed in several colonies to differentiate between African and white indentured servants.
The Harlem Renaissance is the considered the first literary movement in the United States in which many black writers are able to explore various themes existing in African American society. This is a timeline of the major publications and events of this period.
The Dred Scott case was a seminal case in United States history.
This is an African-American history timeline highlighting significant events between 1840 and 1849.
Gabriel Prosser prepared for the farthest reaching rebellion by enslaved men in United States' history.
Five organizations established during the Progessive Era with the purpose of helping African-American achieve social equality.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist, suffragist and overall crusader for justice.
Daily and monthly publications were important to promoting the work of Harlem Renaissance artists.
Key African-American History events occurring between 1970 and 1979.
This is a list of three prominent leaders of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is credited with pushing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.
Key events and people in African-American History between 1965 to 1969.
William Monroe Trotter opposed everyone--from government officials to Booker T.Washington--for not believing that African-Americans deserved immediate equality in American society.
Ella Baker, Septima Clark, Fannie Lou Hamer and Rosa Parks all played important roles in the Civil Rights Movement.
Key events and issues occurring between 1910 and 1919.
James Forten was more than a wealthy African-American. He was an abolitionist and sociopolitical activist.
Charles Houston Hamilton was a civil rights attorney whose strategies for dismantling Jim Crow segregation led to the Brown v. Board of Education ruling.
John Baxter Taylor was the first African-American to represent the United States in an international athletic competition and the first to win an Olympic gold medal
Paul Laurence Dunbar was the most prominent African-American literary figure prior to the Harlem Renaissance.
This month's historical timeline features events taking place between 1980 and 1989. As a result of various civil rights struggles in previous decades, it
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Booker T. Washington was the most influential African-American leader from 1895 until his death in 1915.
Text of the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), which ended slavery in the United States.
Claude McKay was one of the most prolific poets of the Harlem Renaissance--writing sonnets that exposed the harsh realities of African-American life in the United States.
Juneteenth is a holiday, begun in Texas, that celebrates the emancipation of American slaves.
This timeline takes a look at key events taking place between 1865 and 1869.
African-American History Timeline: 1700 to 1799 focuses on key events and people living during this time period.
Important events in African-American history occurring between 1920 and 1929.
The AME Church was established in 1816 by Reverend Richard Allen
Madam C.J. Walker developed a line of hair products for African-American women. She is considered the first woman to become a self-made millionaire.
The National Negro Convention Movement began in 1830 and ended in 1864. For thirty-four years, freed African-Americans met on the local, state and national level to fight racial discrimination and enslavement. Their efforts solidified the first black nationalist movement.
The Niagara Movement was an instrumental organization that was established in 1905 by journalist William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Du Bois in opposition to Booker T. Washington's philosophy as an accommodation.
The African-American press was instrumental in campaigning against Jim Crow in the South and de facto segregation in the North.
This page offers biographical information on the African-American writer, James Weldon Johnson. The profile features a biography, family information and various texts published by the author.
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment, which repudiated the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
SNCC was established in 1960 on the campus of Shaw University as a civil rights organization.
Arna Bontemps was a poet and novelist of the Harlem Renaissance. Yet, it was his work as a curator who archived African-American literature and culture that makes him most notable.
Countee Cullen was a prominent literary figure of the Harlem Renaissance.
Kwanzaa is a celebration of African heritage that takes place from December 26 to January 1.
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This timeline features key events of the Black Panther Party.
Frederick Douglass' work as an abolitionist--speaking throughout the United States and Europe--as well as publishing a newspaper and slave narratives, make him an important member of the abolitionist movement.
The Negro Baseball League was established after African-American players were banned from playing in white baseball clubs.
Important events in African-American history from 1960 to 1964.
Autobiographies, Memoirs, and Biographies written on African-American figures for children
Known as the King of Ragtime, Scott Joplin is considered one of the greatest composer of the 20th Century.
When Lucy Terry Prince died in 1821 , her obituary read, âthe fluency of her speech capitvated all around
Ella Baker was a strategic organizer and mentor to several Civil Rights Movement organizations.
Henry Ossawa Tanner was the first African-American artist to achieve international acclaim.
Georgia Douglas Johnson was a prolific poet who provided her home as a literary salon during the Harlem Renaissance
A biography of historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the field of African-American history.
If you are interested in learning more about slavery from the perspective of the enslaved, here are some great sources to get started.
Annie Turnbo Malone invented hair care products, is credited with giving Madam CJ Walker her start in the hair care business and opened a beauty school.
Joshua Johnson was the first professional African-American portrait artist in the United States.
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's collected artifacts of the African Diaspora. Today, the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Study is world renowned.
The National Negro Business League was established by Booker T. Washington and Andrew Carnegie in 1900 to help black people establish businesses.
Writer, educator, and abolitionist, Frances Watkins Harper spoke out against sexism and racism.
Playwrights of the Harlem Renaissance explored themes such as racism, lynching and heritage in their theatrical productions.
This article highlights important events occurring between 1880 and 1889.
Maggie Lena Walker was the first women in the United States to direct a bank. Throughout her career as a businesswoman, Walker worked to help African-Americans.
Zora Neale Hurston's work as a novelist was heavily influenced by the folklore she heard as a child and her research as an anthropologist.
Anthony Burns was a fugitive slave who was caught in Boston two months after he reclaimed his freedom.
Toni Morrison is a prolific writer whose novels about the African-American experience have received critical acclaim
David Walker wrote David Walker's Appeal in 1829
William Wells Brown was an abolitionist, writer and historian.
Poets such as Countee Cullen, Arna Bontemps, Sterling Brown, Claude McKay and Langston Hughes all made significant contributions to the Harlem Renaissance.
Duke Ellington's career as a composer, writer, pianist and bandleader spanned more than 50 years.
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was the first woman of any race to pass the Alabama State Medical Examination. She later became the founder of Tuskegee University's Nurses' School and Hospital. She is the eldest daughter of AME bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner and sister to famed artist, Henry Ossawa Tanner.
Angela Davis is an African American political activist, philosopher, and retired professor. Davis was a leader of the Communist Party USA and, though never an
Key events in the decade of 1870.
The Pennsylvania Abolition Society used moral suasion followed by political action as a method to abolish enslavement.
Blog post about the North American Black Historical Museum
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The American Negro Academy promoted the work of African-American scholars in the late 19th, early 20th century.
Benjamin Tucker Tanner was a prominent 19th Century AME minister and bishop. He is also the father of artist Henry Ossawa Tanner and Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson, one of the first African-American women physicians in the United States.
the 15th Amendment is ratified on feb 3, 1870
A. Philip Randolph was important to organizing several moments in the Civil Rights Movement.
Septima Poinsette Clark was an educator and civil rights activist. As director of citizenship schools help spur the Montgomery Bus Boycott and voter registration drive.
Asa Philip Randolph's career as a civil rights activist began well before the Harlem Renaissance and lasted through the modern Civil Rights Movement.
How did Black History Month get its start?
Alvin Ailey, founder of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theatre, popularized modern dance.
Medgar Evers work as a civil rights activist in Mississippi helped end segregation at the University of Mississippi.
James Baldwin's work as an essayist, novelist and playwright explored issues such as personal identity, racism, and sexuality.
Matthew Henson, along with Edwin Peary, was the first to reach the North Pole in 1909.
Lugenia Burns Hope worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African-Americans in Georgia through various initiatives.
Abyssinian Baptist Church. African-American History.
Fannie Lou Hamer was a grassroots worker in Mississippi whose fight to register local voters led to national publicity.
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A timeline of hip hop culture tracing the beginning of the movement in the 1970s through the 1990s.
Once a convicted criminal, Malcolm X rose to prominence as a religious/political leader of the Nation of Islam. By his death in 1965, X had broken away from the NOI and formed the Muslim Mosque Inc.
The text of the Fifteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, which guaranteed the right to vote to African Americans.
Nannie Helen Burroughs was a prominent member of the NACW and established the National Training School for Women and Girls
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Jessie Redmon Fauset was one of the key players of the Harlem Renaissance. As literary editor of The Crisis, Fauset promoted the work of African-American writers.
This article highlights six autobiographies of prominent African-American thinkers throughout American History.
Timeline of African-American experiences from 1890 to 1899.
This article highlights four texts exploring African-American history and culture from enslavement to freedom.
The National Urban League (NUL) is a civil rights organization advocating for the rights of African-Americans in the United States.
Jackie Robinson broke racial barriers and made history when he became the first African-American baseball player to play Major League Baseball.
Jessie Redmon Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston and Regina Anderson are just a few of the women who played a significant role in the Harlem Renaissance.
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The Lincoln Film Company was the first African-American film company in the United States.
Important events and people from 1820 to 1839.
African-American History Timeline of 1800 to 1819 documents specific acts of legislation, events and people who were prominent societal figures.
Mary McCleod Bethune was a lifelong educator and civic leader.
Image of MLK as the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church
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